Another Apple supplier is under fire for violating workplace standards. China Labor Watch, the New York nonprofit that levied a formal complaint against Taiwan-based Pegatron in July for reportedly violating several major safety and environmental standards, is now similarly accusing U.S.-based Jabil Circuit, which is reportedly responsible for producing Apple’s low-cost iPhone, set to be unveiled next Tuesday.
“Among the infringements uncovered by CLW include millions of dollars in unpaid overtime wages; over 100 hours of monthly mandatory overtime, three times in excess of legal limits; more than 11 hours of standing work every day with no rest outside of 30-minute meal breaks; illegally inadequate pre-work training; hiring discrimination; and more,” said CLW in a press release issued Thursday.
Headquartered in St. Petersburg, Fla., Jabil Circuit has been accused of hiring discrimination, providing insufficient training time with a lack of safety information, dispatching its workers beyond statutory limits, excessive mandatory overtime and work intensity with continual standing and minimal breaks, not providing enough grievance channels, crowded dorms, unclear fire escape routes, and more.
“Many of the violations raised in CLW’s report also contradict the codes of conduct of both Apple and Jabil Circuit,” the CLW said. “Despite half a decade of outside investigations and self-reporting on myriad labor abuse throughout its Chinese supply chain, Apple has continually failed to compel supplier factories to conform to Apple’s code of conduct and local labor laws before giving these suppliers Apple production orders.”
Apple and Jabil both issued statements responding to the CLW allegations on Thursday. Here is Jabil’s response:
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“Jabil is committed to ensuring every employee is provided a safe working environment where they are treated fairly, with dignity and respect. We take seriously any allegation that we are not fulfilling that commitment and are taking immediate action to ensure recent allegations are thoroughly investigated and, if found to be credible, corrected.
“In August, Eric Austermann, Jabil’s Vice President of Social Responsibility, was in China conducting audits at our facilities, including Jabil Wuxi. Jabil conducts more than 100 annual audits of its operations, assessing them on a broad range of items, including health and safety, employee treatment, and overtime. Some issues cited in the report were surfaced in that audit and corrective action was immediately started. Our focus on continuous auditing — by internal, independent third parties, and customers — is why we are able to surface issues and also why we are continuously improving.
“We are troubled by recent allegations related to excessive overtime, unpaid overtime and working conditions at our Wuxi, China, site. An audit team is en route to Wuxi to thoroughly investigate these claims. While we are aware of the desire of many employees to work overtime, our goal is to regulate overtime to achieve a consistently high level of compliance with “Electronics Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC) standards. Other allegations, such as 10-minute unpaid meeting times, were surfaced during Austermann’s audit in August and corrective action was begun.
“The well-being of our employees is our priority. In the last three years, Jabil has elevated Social and Environmental Responsibility to an executive-level position reporting directly to Jabil’s Chief Operating Officer. We have also developed Global Dormitory Standards, a global policy prohibiting pregnancy testing, and a policy stipulating 18 as the minimum age for employment. We have also engaged a leading consultant to train Environmental, Health and Safety employees to better assess, recognize and control process hazards.
“We are disheartened that there are allegations that we are not living up to our own standards, yet we are proud of the progress we’ve made in ensuring every Jabil employee is treated with dignity and respect and provided the opportunity for personal and professional growth.”
And here is Apple’s response, originally issued to AllThingsD:
“Apple is committed to providing safe and fair working conditions throughout our supply chain. We lead the industry with far-reaching and specialized audits, the most transparent reporting and educational programs that enrich the lives of workers who make our products. Apple is the first and only technology company to be admitted to the Fair Labor Association, and we are dedicated to protecting every worker in our supply chain.
“As part of our extensive Supplier Responsibility program, Apple has conducted 14 comprehensive audits at Jabil facilities since 2008, including three audits of Jabil Wuxi in the past 36 months. We take any concerns about our suppliers very seriously, and our team of experts is on-site at Jabil Wuxi to look into the new claims about conditions there. Jabil has a proactive auditing program of their own and they have an excellent track record of meeting Apple’s high standards.
“Employees at Jabil are among the 1 million workers in Apple’s supply chain whose working hours we track each week and report on our website. Year to date, Jabil Wuxi has performed above our 92% average for compliance with Apple’s 60-hour-per-week limit. An audit completed earlier this year did find that some employees had worked more than six consecutive days without a day of rest, and Jabil has been working with our team to better manage overtime.
“We are proud of the work we do with our suppliers to improve conditions for workers. Our program goes far beyond monitoring by ensuring corrective actions where they are needed and aggressively enforcing our supplier code of conduct wherever Apple products are made. We believe in transparency and accountability, both for our suppliers and ourselves.”