At least 10 people died as police backed by the army used batons and teargas Sunday to charge protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square demanding Egypt's ruling generals hand over power, in some of the worst violence since the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak.
With little more than a week to go before a parliamentary election that starts the process of transition, state television reported 10 dead Sunday, taking the total toll since violence erupted Saturday to 12. It said there were 214 wounded on Sunday.
The people want the toppling of the regime, thousands of protesters chanted before and after the charge by police backed by military officers who had stayed on the sidelines till then.
The demonstrators accuse the army of seeking to retain power from behind scenes as it oversees the transition, which could see the military remain in control until presidential elections which may not happen until late 2012 or early 2013.
Generals deny any such intention and the cabinet reiterated Sunday that violence would not delay the staggered parliamentary election, voting for which starts on November 28.
The security forces, who moved in as darkness fell, beat some protesters with batons. One group of demonstrators formed a line and bowed in the traditional Muslim prayer, television images showed. Most held their line as the police moved in.
The army sent soldiers to Tahrir to help state security disperse the protesters. They are beating us hard, said Ragab Shemiekhy, who has been in Tahrir throughout the latest protest.
A Reuters witness saw the dead body of a 28-year-old man on Sunday evening in a makeshift clinic on the edge of Tahrir Square. It was not clear how he had died or if the death was one of those reported by medical sources.
Demonstrators held up spent shotgun cartridges, bullet casings and empty teargas canisters. Activists carried one protester's corpse wrapped in a blanket around Tahrir. We will sacrifice our blood and souls for you, martyr, they chanted.
Army police detained dozens of people, a witness said. After initially fleeing, protesters poured back into the square.
The military council are shutting their ears, they're ignoring us, they don't give a damn about us, and we're going to stay occupying the streets and demanding our rights. Eventually justice will prevail, said Amal El Mohandes, 31.
Egypt's benchmark index tumbled about 2.5 percent Sunday as investors worried about the outcome of the clashes.
Presidential hopefuls Mohamed ElBaradei and Abdallah al-Ashaal denounced violence against protesters and called for a national salvation government, state news agency MENA said.
The European Union's foreign policy chief, Catherine Ashton, urged Egypt's interim authority to halt the violence.
I urge calm and restraint and condemn the use of violence in the strongest terms, she said.
British Foreign Office Minister Alistair Burt condemned the clashes and said the deaths were deeply regrettable.
ISLAMISTS DISTANCE THEMSELVES
The protest that began Friday was led by Islamists. But it has since been largely driven by many of the same youthful activists who led the uprising against Mubarak's 30-year rule, putting national pride over religion. Some Islamists, including the Muslim Brotherhood, withdrew from the protest.
Those in the square to do not belong to any party. This is a new scene, Ahmed Abo Barka of the Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party told Al Jazeera. They want to block the route before the Egyptian people who want their election.
The Brotherhood, banned under Mubarak, had tended to take a softer line towards the military than some other groups, which analysts say is to ensure elections go ahead and prevent any return to the kind of repression it suffered in the past.
While distancing itself from protests Saturday and Sunday, the Brotherhood said the army must still apologise.
A row has erupted between political groups and the army-picked cabinet over ground rules for drafting the constitution that could leave the military free of civilian control. Parliament is to pick the assembly to draw up the constitution.
Many Egyptians are angry that nine months after ousting Mubarak, the army remains in charge and police are still using the same heavy-handed tactics against demonstrators.
We are on the brink of danger. Those asking for the government to fall are asking for the state to fall, Egyptian army General Mohsen Fangary had told a television channel.
The army and its cabinet said the vote would not be delayed.
The cabinet had outraged many Egyptians by proposals for the constitution that would have shielded the army's budget from civilian oversight and given it a broad national security remit.
It had amended the proposals to give civilian powers more say but this was not enough to prevent Friday's protest. The cabinet has since made further amendments to the proposal, in an effort to appease Islamist factions.
After a cabinet meeting Sunday, Deputy Prime Minister Ali al-Silmi said: We will not back down from the last proposed amendments to the constitutional document.
During streets battles Saturday night and Sunday morning, police fired round after round of teargas at protesters near the Interior Ministry. Protesters set up barricades around Tahrir.
A security official said police had not used live rounds and had used lawful methods to deal with troublemakers.
The state news agency said the dead included one in Cairo with a gunshot to the chest and another in Alexandria with a gunshot to the head.
More than 2,000 people attended the funeral of Bahaa el-Senussi, the activist who died in Alexandria. Hundreds of them then gathered in front of the security directorate in Alexandria, chanting: Interior Ministry officials are thugs.
Demonstrators in the eastern cities of Suez and Ismailia, as well as North Sinai, marched in solidarity protests.
In Suez, clashes erupted when protesters threw rocks at police, who shot into the air and fired teargas. In Ismailia, a witness said more than 500 people demonstrated against military rule in front of a police station. Some people tried to torch a car, a witness said.
Liberal groups are dismayed by the military trials of thousands of civilians and the army's failure to scrap a hated emergency law. Islamists eying a strong showing in the next parliament suspect the army wants to curtail their influence.
Analysts say Islamists could win 40 percent of parliamentary seats, with a big portion going to the Muslim Brotherhood.
(Additional reporting by Omar Fahmy, Patrick Werr, Marwa Awad, Abdel Rahman Youssef, Dina Zayed, Tom Pfeiffer and Yousri Mohamed; Writing by Edmund Blair and Shaimaa Fayed; Editing by Philippa Fletcher and Andrew Heavens)