In a week that's been fairly light on the data front, all eyes will be on Bernanke's testimony to the Senate Budget Committee at 1500 GMT/ 1000 ET today.
With interest rate differentials determining market moves for the time being, investors are on central bank watch, and Bernanke's testimony has the potential to cause a flurry of excitement in FX markets.
The analysis below shows the % move in the dollar index (the dollar versus the currencies of the US's major trading partners) and in EURUSD in the two days after a major speech by Bernanke.
These are the speeches we have looked at:
Aug 27 - Bernanke speech at Jackson Hole Central Banks conference when he first touted the prospect of a second round of QE
Sept 24 - Bernanke's speech entitled the Implications of the Financial Crisis for Economics, Princeton University
- 15 Oct - Monetary Policy Objectives and Tools in a Low-Inflation Environment, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
- Nov 19 - Rebalancing the Global Recover, At the Sixth European Central Bank Central Banking Conference, Frankfurt, Germany
- Dec 5 - Bernanke's appearance on CBS
- Feb 3 - The Economic Outlook and Macroeconomic Policy, At the National Press Club, Washington, D.C.
- Bernanke's impact on the dollar index:
Bernanke's impact on EURUSD:
Since the end of August, Bernanke's speeches tend to coincide with the dollar appreciating rather than falling.
Since the announcement of QE2 on November 3 2010, Bernanke's speeches have coincided with more consistent upward moves in the dollar, on average the greenback has appreciated by 0.8%. This has also coincided with the pick- up in US growth since the Autumn.
We can make two assumptions from this:
1, Even though Bernanke continues to reference the weakness in the labour market, the market reacts more to his comments on the improving growth outlook:
His speech at the National Press Club in Washington on 3rd Feb highlights this. He said that it will be several years before the unemployment rate has returned to a more normal level but the bit the market latched on to was his comments on growth: More recently, however, we have seen increased evidence that a self-sustaining recovery in consumer and business spending may be taking hold. The dollar rose by 0.4% on the back of these comments.
2, The US dollar is increasingly showing signs that it is trading like a growth currency, and the market seems to be ruling out the prospect of further quantitative easing from the Federal Reserve.
Kathleen Brooks| Research Director UK EMEA | FOREX.com
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