Richard Lapchick's Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sports at the University of Central Florida puts out data on the number of black players in the Majors every year, and this year the percentange on Opening Day has slipped to 8.5 percent from 9.1 in 2010.

Lapchick's Institute gave baseball an A for racial diversity in hiring, which was the same grade it received last year. Baseball received a B-minus for gender, down from a B last year.

This has been a concern of Major League Baseball and leaders in the African-American community, Lapchick said. However, the 38.3 percent of players who are people of color also make the playing fields look more like America with its large Latino population.

Since conducting the study in 1990, the highest percentage of black players on Opening Day was 19 percent in 1995.

Percentage of Black Players in MLB

Year    Pct

2011    8.5

2010    9.1

2009    9.0

2008    10.2

2007    8.2

2006    8.4

2005    9.0

2004    9.0

2002    10.0

2001    13.0

2000    13.0

1999    13.0

1998    15.0

1997    17.0

1996    17.0

1995    19.0

1994    18.0

1993    16.0

1992    17.0

1991    18.0

1990    17.0