BRATISLAVA (population 425,500),
situated in the south-west of Slovakia stretches on both banks of the
Danube and in the foothills of the Little Carpathian Mts. Thanks to
this favourable position it was always a commercial centre. Today the
historic places witnesses to the rapid development of the young Slovak
Republic. In spite of its exciting history, Bratislava is one of the
youngest Capitals of the world and its population is also very young.
The modern metropolis is opened to Europe and to the world as proved by
the increasing number of foreign visitors of most diverse countries.
They are attracted by the cosiness of the rather small city that
nevertheless possesses a throbbing social life and historic charms
combined with the most recent trends. Palaces, modern shopping and
trade centres, admirable arts of the Slovak cooks and brewers, friendly
people and various international cultural or sport events, exhibitions,
and business opportunities are the reasons why it is worth of visit.
played a big role in the history of central Europe. The date of
December 2nd 1291 is not the date of birth of Pressburg. One should
take it rather as the date of its school leaving certificate, which
confirms the aptness of its inhabitants to become the free citizens of a royal borough. In the 14th and 15th centuries Bratislava lived the period of rapid development in trade. The opening of the Academia Istropolitana
(1467) has strengthened importance of Bratislava as the cultural and
educational centre of the then Kingdom of Hungary. After Turks
penetrated deeper into the Kingdom, Bratislava was established the Capital of the Kingdom of Hungary, the seat of the Hungarian Diet, central administration and the coronation town
of the Hungarian Kings and Queens. Eleven Kings and eight royal wives
were crowned in Bratislava in the years between 1563 and 1830
The counter-Turk wars and the Rebellions of
Estates in the 16th and 17th centuries have interrupted the development
of towns. In the 18th century and above all during the reign of Queen Maria Theresa
the significance of Bratislava increased again. Great amount of
wonderful palaces and buildings still survive from that period. The
city became the centre of cultural in the 19th century and Bratislava
was the cradle of the Slovak national emancipation.
The revolutionary events, workers movement and the First World Ward
have stigmatized Bratislava which, nevertheless, became the centre of
the political, economic and cultural life of Slovaks after 1918.
Bratislava now is the modern city and the seat of most important
political, economic, social and scientific bodies and institutions.
One of the city dominants which can be seen from far distance is The Castle of Bratislava. The most attractive part of Bratislava is the Old Town
where the most historical sights as well as cultural institutions are
concentrated. Its tiny lanes offer an ideal atmosphere for romantic
walks to those who love to follow signs of history in the middle of
The significant structures in the historic centre of the city are all parts of the Monument Town Reserve.