Britain stripped the former head of Royal Bank of Scotland of his knighthood Tuesday, putting a banker reviled by tabloids as Fred the Shred alongside Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe and Romania's Nicolae Ceausescu as those who lost the high honor.

Fred Goodwin, elevated to the rank of knight of the realm by Queen Elizabeth in 2004, steered one of Britain's largest banks to near collapse with the catastrophic buyout of a Dutch bank, a disaster that helped bring on the global financial crisis.

He has become a target of public fury in Britain for his role in the 2008 crash - which led to the government spending 45 billion pounds ($71 billion) to bail out his bank - and the lavish taxpayer-funded pension he took with him when he left.

The failure of RBS played an important role in the financial crisis of 2008-9 which, together with other macroeconomic factors, triggered the worst recession in the UK since the Second World War and imposed significant direct costs on British taxpayers and businesses, the government said in a statement.

Fred Goodwin was the dominant decision maker at RBS at the time, added the Conservative-led coalition government, explaining a decision taken by a committee of civil servants.

The decision to remove Goodwin's honor comes two days after his successor at RBS, Stephen Hester, announced he would turn down a million pound share bonus that had drawn withering scorn from politicians.

A report in December by the Financial Services Authority (FSA) regulator into the near-collapse of RBS blamed Goodwin and other former RBS bosses, while also criticising the FSA itself and the then-Labor government for lightweight financial regulation.

Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron expressed satisfaction at the decision to strip Goodwin of the knighthood.

I welcome the Forfeiture Committee's decision on Fred Goodwin's Knighthood. The FSA report into what went wrong at RBS made clear where the failures lay and who was responsible. The proper process has been followed and I think we've ended up with the right decision, Cameron said in a statement.

Knighthoods for subjects of the British queen - and honorary ones for foreigners - are among the highest honours bestowed by Britain for outstanding achievement or service. As a knight, Goodwin had the right to be called Sir Fred.

He joins a small list of those who have been stripped of the honor, alongside figures such as the Zimbabwean president, the former Romanian Communist dictator and Anthony Blunt, a notorious British double agent who spied for the Soviets.


Goodwin oversaw about 20 deals while in charge of RBS, as the Scottish bank embarked upon an expansive acquisition spree. His habit of extracting savings from deals by axing staff earned him the nickname Fred the Shred.

However, his pursuit of Dutch bank ABN AMRO proved a deal too far. The credit crisis saw the value of the ABN AMRO assets fall rapidly and RBS found itself close to collapse.

To prevent a wider economic collapse, the state bailed out the nearly 300-year-old bank, buying an 83 percent stake.

Goodwin added to the scorn of many Britons when he fought to hold on to a pension pot worth 700,000 pounds a year from the now mainly publicly-owned bank. A public outcry forced him to settle for about half as much.

The Unite trade union welcomed the move to strip Goodwin of his knighthood.

It is a token gesture to strip Fred Goodwin of his knighthood, but one which will be well received by the thousands of workers who lost their jobs during his rule, said Unite national officer David Fleming.

The woes of RBS have come to symbolise for many in Britain more serious problems with the country's banking industry. Many are still angry that bankers continue to earn millions while elsewhere thousands lose their jobs as the economy weakens.

Conservative Party politician Mark Field said British authorities should look at clawing back Goodwin's pension.

I have always felt the far more serious thing rather than the area that everyone has been jumping on the bandwagon about - his knighthood - has been the fact that he got a pension, he told the BBC.

That was signed off at a time when we knew that most of the so-called profits RBS had achieved over the years of Fred Goodwin's stewardship were in fact entirely illusory.

($1 = 0.6337 British pounds)

(Reporting by Matt Falloon, Mohammed Abbas, Sudip Kar-Gupta and Avril Ormsby)