Many eyes, including my pair, have been watching the developments in Alabama, where recent laws on immigration have pushed out many undocumented visitors. The theory is, as those folks leave, countless unemployed Americans will swarm in to take the jobs left behind. The only problem is... that hasn't happened. The work is very hard, and low paying - Americans seemingly won't do that work. The easy answer why is unemployment benefits but cmon in a country of 300 million, 99.8% of people won't be saying I refuse to do that because my $300/week is too cushy. Alabama legislators say not to worry - once the farmers (and other employers) raise the pay for these jobs, Americans will flock to it - thus far the market has not adjusted like that. Farmers (and other employers) want to make money too. So what's going on in the country, even in an era of high unemployment? BusinessWeek takes an extensive look....
- Skinning, gutting, and cutting up catfish is not easy or pleasant work. No one knows this better than Randy Rhodes, president of Harvest Select, which has a processing plant in impoverished Uniontown, Ala. For years, Rhodes has had trouble finding Americans willing to grab a knife and stand 10 or more hours a day in a cold, wet room for minimum wage and skimpy benefits.
- Most of his employees are Guatemalan. Or they were, until Alabama enacted an immigration law in September that requires police to question people they suspect might be in the U.S. illegally and punish businesses that hire them. The law, known as HB56, is intended to scare off undocumented workers, and in that regard it’s been a success. It’s also driven away legal immigrants who feared being harassed.
- His ex-employees joined an exodus of thousands of immigrant field hands, hotel housekeepers, dishwashers, chicken plant employees, and construction workers who have fled Alabama for other states. Like Rhodes, many employers who lost workers followed federal requirements—some even used the E-Verify system—and only found out their workers were illegal when they disappeared.
- In their wake are thousands of vacant positions and hundreds of angry business owners staring at unpicked tomatoes, uncleaned fish, and unmade beds. “Somebody has to figure this out. The immigrants aren’t coming back to Alabama—they’re gone,” Rhodes says. “I have 158 jobs, and I need to give them to somebody.”
- There’s no shortage of people he could give those jobs to. In Alabama, some 211,000 people are out of work. In rural Perry County, where Harvest Select is located, the unemployment rate is 18.2 percent, twice the national average.
- One of the big selling points of the immigration law was that it would free up jobs that Republican Governor Robert Bentley said immigrants had stolen from recession-battered Americans. Yet native Alabamians have not come running to fill these newly liberated positions. Many employers think the law is ludicrous and fought to stop it. Immigrants aren’t stealing anything from anyone, they say. Businesses turned to foreign labor only because they couldn’t find enough Americans to take the work they were offering.
It's a lengthy article from there - some interesting stuff in it.