Opposition-sponsored no-confidence resolution against the Czech center-right minority government was passed by a majority of one vote Tuesday after four former members of Prime Minister Mirek Topolanek's minority coalition, who had become independents, sided with the opposition.
101 lawmakers voted in favor of the no-confidence motion, while Topolanek collected 96 votes in the 200-seat lower house.
Topolanek, who offered to resign after the vote, said he believed the country's position in Europe would inevitably be weakened.
The government's failure is a set back to the Czech republic's' six-month EU presidency, which expires in June.
Topolanek will continue as caretaker Prime Minister until President Vaclav Klaus appoints a new administration or until an election.
According to the constitution, the President can disperse the parliament and call an election if three attempts to form alternative cabinet fail.
The term of the current parliament expires only in the middle of next year.
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