Growing an organic garden right in your own home might be a daunting task at first. There are many aspects that will benefit from pursuing this endeavor. The environment will benefit massively. You can take advantage of having a healthy source of fresh produce such as vegetables, herbs and fruits. Even if this might be your first time to embark on this undertaking, you can get by with simple steps below.
Step 1: Research on organic farming. Familiarizing yourself with the type of plants from books, online websites and other references would be helpful so you can choose them wisely. Take note of the attributes of each plant and decide which ones would match your schedule, soil condition and space availability on your area. Be sure that your selection of vegetation would have the appropriate environment. For example, most vegetables love the sun. Some varieties need at least six hours of sunlight so you need to place them in the spot where the sun rises. On the other hand, there are some herbs that could only sustain at most two hours of exposure to sunlight. They then have to be taken inside the house for the rest of the day.
Another attribute of plants that you need to take note about is their vulnerability to pests and diseases. There are varieties that are relatively more disease resistant than others. Catalog listings, seed packets and plant tags discuss whether a particular plant has such characteristic. For one you can look into slow growing plants as they can protect themselves better against insects and diseases.
Step 2: Decide on the size of the garden. Carefully assess the space available in your home. Lay out a rough draft of plots and designate one type of plant in each bed. For starters, you might want to try at least two beds first. If you have rather busy everyday schedule or your space is too small, container gardening would be appropriate for you.
Step 3: Prepare the soil. Regardless of the amount of soil, whether a whole patch of land or in small pots, you have to till it for five days consecutively. Check the consistency of the soil whenever you work and water it. Grab a handful and squeeze it. If it has too much water, it might turn too solid and hard. It cannot provide proper ventilation for the roots to grow and later on spread out. Boost the condition of your soil by adding compost or manures. The latter organic matter from animals can actually stimulate plant growth as they decompose. They can then serve as an initial layer of natural fertilizer.
Step 4: Choose the day of planting. This may be surprising but most plants, especially herbs have better chances to grow beautifully when they are sowed on a cool cloudy day without rain or drizzle. The sun’s heat may reduce the intrinsic moisture in the roots.
Step 5: Go through the planting proper carefully. Dig holes at least an inch wider and lower than the reach of the roots. Provide your vegetation with enough space for an early environment for growth. As you place the plants in the each hole, fan out their roots. Cover the hole with the rest of the dirt and add a top layer of compost or peat moss.
Another important reminder is to not place them too close to one another. Closely related plant families such as the tomato and squash families should be in separate plots or pots. Samples of these are tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, eggplant, pumpkin, cucumber and watermelon. When they have modest breathing room, good air flow is possible thus fungal diseases may be avoided.
Step 6: Sustain regular maintenance and care. Follow a strict schedule of watering and removal of weeds. Then again, it is important to recall the properties, water and sustenance needs of each plant. For instance, there are some plants that prefer moist surfaces while there are others that rather like dry covering. Always check if the peat moss or compost has grown weeds. If there have been weeds, be extra careful in taking them out and replacing either component with a new batch. Always keep your plots or pots clean by getting rid of fallen foliage.
To fully maintain an organic garden, you should also try adding some flowers. They would not only make your garden look gorgeous but there are further benefits from these plants. Some can attract beneficial bugs while attacking pests like aphids or tomato hornworms and even serve as medicinal supplements. Some of these are cosmos, daisy, marigold, salvia, sunflower, yarrow and zinnia.
Waiting for a full blown organic garden may be labor intensive and time consuming. Just be patient in caring for your plants and you will even find yourself enjoying the whole endeavor.
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