Malaysia is a country split in two across the South China Sea and both Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo support large elephant populations. Peninsular Malaysia is home to the mainland Asian elephant, while Borneo houses the so-called pygmy elephants. In total, there are an estimated 3,000 wild elephants in the country. When the animals come under threat, members of Malaysia's Department of Wildlife and National Parks jump in to rescue the massive creatures. Since establishing the Elephant Management Unit in 1974, at least 600 wild elephants have been relocated to protected elephant sanctuaries. Forest clearance is now much reduced and occurs only after a lengthy planning process that takes into account elephant migration patterns and habitat requirements. The translocation of elephants since 1974 has been successful in maintaining a healthy elephant population while reducing human-elephant conflict.