Executives from the UK major paid a visit to the giant oilfield and met with Iraqi officials in Kirkuk at the end of March. The trip followed initial soundings from Iraq's Oil Ministry to BP about the ageing oilfield, which is suffering from massive declines.
BP is actively considering Kirkuk, provided the economics work, said an industry source. But it's very early days; there are no negotiations.
Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister for Energy Hussain al-Shahristani is in London this week to attend an energy conference, but high-level BP executives are not scheduled to meet with him, the source said.
BP declined to comment.
Baghdad is understood to be keen to have the British oil major positioned in northern Iraq to counter the recent controversial move by U.S. major Exxon Mobil into Kurdistan, according to Western diplomats and Iraqi industry sources.
The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and Baghdad are locked in a long-running feud over oil and land rights.
The central government has introduced a new element - the BP factor - which raises the level of debate over Kirkuk, said an Iraqi oil executive.
Baghdad was furious last year when Exxon Mobil
BP also has a formidable position in southern Iraq. It was first to move when Baghdad opened the way to foreign oil firms in 2009, securing a development project with junior partner China National Petroleum Corp. for the supergiant Rumaila field, Iraq's biggest producer.
For that reason, the British company would not make a play in Kurdistan while the central government and Arbil are at odds, industry sources said.
The Kurds, meanwhile, have warned international oil firms against signing deals with Baghdad to boost Kirkuk's recovery.
For its part, the UK government is said to be in favour of BP playing a role in Kirkuk.
But any move by BP into northern Iraq would be purely on commercial terms, said the industry source, rather than for political reasons.
PAST ITS PRIME
Production at Kirkuk has slumped to 280,000 barrels per day from 900,000 bpd in 2001 after years of injecting water and dumping unwanted crude and products into the field.
Iraqi officials would like to see BP work to stem declines at the 77-year old field and then raise capacity to around 600,000 barrels per day in five years, the sources said.
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We don't know the terms of the investment model yet. The important thing is that we've started the process, said an Iraqi oil official. Kirkuk needs a lot of work.
Iraq put Kirkuk on the block in its first postwar oil auction in 2009. A consortium led by Royal Dutch Shell
The oilfield is composed of three main geological formations, or domes: Khurmala, Baba, and Avana.
Khurmala straddles Arbil province and is administered by the KRG under a 2008 agreement with Baghdad. The Oil Ministry's new development of Kirkuk will not include Khurmala.
(Additional reporting Richard Mably, editing by Jane Baird)