Release Explanation: The interest rate sets the tone for mortgages, commercial loans, and all economic lending criteria. “This is the single most important reason why currencies are bought and sold. A strong interest rate and robust business cycle will attract foreign investment” Trade Team said. “A weak interest rate will normally lead to a weak currency as investors swap the higher yielding currency for a profit” they added. Trade Desk Thoughts: In an unusual short statement, the Bank of Japan decided by a unanimous vote to maintain the Overnight Call Rate at 0.10%.

“Having the lowest rate amid industrialized countries, economists argued that the low interest rate will not provide strong enough relief to the Japanese economy, and that the central bank has mostly depleted its powers to influence the business cycle by using monetary policy” Trade Team says. Estimates are that the Japanese economy will contract 3% in 2009, up from 1.0% just a few months ago.

The main reason for the marked deterioration of the Japanese economy is the slow internal and external demand, which had drastically reduced the export market. The economy is forecast to recover in late 2010. The central bank estimates the CPI read will fall to -1% in 2009.

Forex Technical Reaction: The pair had no reaction to the news release. Since the Asian session started, the yen fell 30 pips