Stocks fell on Wednesday as a report showing a surprising drop in private- sector employment stoked concerns about the health of the labor market two days before the government's key jobs data.
Wall Street took a one-two punch from ADP Employer Services data showing U.S. private-sector employers unexpectedly cut jobs in March and a separate report that showed U.S. Midwest business activity expanded less than expected last month.
The news was a setback for investors anxious for more evidence that the economic recovery is gaining strength and led investors to lock in profits in strong-performing sectors, such as consumer discretionary shares, which rose more than 10 percent for the quarter.
The ADP report is not a good sign. We want to see some job growth, said Sasha Kostadinov, portfolio manager at Shaker Investments in Cleveland. Friday's jobs data is going to be a big number because people are starting to get anxious to see some growth.
Even so, the benchmark S&P 500 <.SPX> racked up its fourth straight quarterly advance.
Analysts expect the second quarter to get off on solid footing if the upcoming earnings season proves stronger than expected.
The session's laggards included this quarter's best performers such as Boeing Co
The Dow Jones industrial average <.DJI> dropped 50.79 points, or 0.47 percent, to close at 10,856.63. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index <.SPX> shed 3.84 points, or 0.33 percent, to 1,169.43. The Nasdaq Composite Index <.IXIC> fell 12.73 points, or 0.53 percent, to end at 2,397.96.
RESEARCH IN MOTION DROPS LATE
Technology shares, which have also underpinned the market's run-up, sold off as well.
After the bell, Research In Motion
The Chicago Purchasing Managers Index showed business activity in the U.S. Midwest slipped to 58.8 in March -- falling short of economists' consensus forecast.
Investors were looking to the ADP report for insight into the coming March non-farm payroll number, which will be released on Good Friday, when the U.S. stock market will be closed.
The median projection from the 20 economists who have forecast payrolls most accurately over the past year predicts 200,000 jobs were created in March -- slightly above the 190,000 median forecast from a broader sample of 82 economists -- according to a Reuters poll.
Boeing, a big manufacturer, was a top drag on the Dow. But it remained the Dow's best-performing stock so far this year, up about 34.1 percent.
On Nasdaq, shares of Microsoft Corp
A legal ruling in U.S. oil giant Chevron's
President Barack Obama's announcement of a broad expansion of offshore oil and gas drilling also gave investors a reason to scoop up energy shares, with oil drillers like Apache Corp
WINNING QUARTER AND STRONG MARCH
The S&P 500 is up 72.9 percent from the March 2009 bottom.
For the first quarter, and for the year as well, the Dow is up 4.1 percent, while the S&P 500 is up 4.9 percent, and Nasdaq is up 5.7 percent.
For the month of March alone, the Dow advanced 5.1 percent, the S&P 500 rose 5.9 percent and the Nasdaq climbed 7.1 percent.
This rally has spurred some investors to trim some of their stock bets, however. Investors pulled $926 million from domestic stock funds in the week ending March 24, the first drawdown since the week ended March 3, according to the Investment Company Institute.
About 8.47 billion shares traded on the New York Stock Exchange, the American Stock Exchange and Nasdaq, below last year's estimated daily average of 9.65 billion.
Declining stocks beat advancers on the New York Stock Exchange by a ratio of about 3 to 2, while on the Nasdaq, about eight stocks fell for every five stocks that rose.
(Reporting by Ellis Mnyandu; Editing by Jan Paschal)