Sales at restaurants open at least 13 months fell 0.7 percent in the United States, while those in Europe and in the Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa (APMEA) region both rose 4.3 percent, McDonald's said on Tuesday.
Analysts were expecting a 1.4 percent overall rise in same-store sales for January. Europe and APMEA each topped Wall Street expectations, while the U.S. fell short of the flat January same-store sales result analysts expected, Bernstein Research analyst Sara Senatore said in a client note.
Jefferies & Co analyst Jeff Farmer said McDonald's Europe and APMEA sales are getting a lift from refurbished stores, extended hours and expanded menus -- factors that boosted the U.S. business two years ago.
But back at home, it is a different story.
There is a near full-scale market share battle being waged in the U.S. with discounting and value offers intensifying on a daily basis, Farmer said in a client note.
Still, McDonald's said on Tuesday that its U.S. results outperformed those of its fast-food rivals.
In January, McDonald's U.S. sales benefited from the national debuts of the breakfast Dollar Menu and the Mac Snack Wrap -- a new spin on its popular Big Mac hamburger that sells for around $1.50 -- as well as McCafe coffee drinks and the premium-priced Angus Burger.
The company reported a 0.1 percent rise in U.S. same-store sales for the recent fourth quarter.
That was better than the results from rival Burger King
For the early part of the U.S. recession, McDonald's and some other fast-food chains benefited when the global economic downturn sent customers to lower-priced fare.
But that so-called trade-down effect is no longer strong enough to offset weaker spending by young men and minority groups, who account for a large number of fast-food customers and have unemployment rates much higher than the overall U.S. jobless rate of 9.7 percent.
Just a few weeks ago, McDonald's surprised analysts by announcing a 1 percent increase in December U.S. same-store sales after two months of declines.
Despite the weather-affected January lull in U.S. same-store sales, Skinner told Reuters earlier this month that the December increase in U.S. same-store sales was a sustainable result in the longer term.
The company said on Tuesday that Europe's gain in January same-store sales was fueled by France, United Kingdom and other markets, offset partly by Germany.
The Asia/Pacific region was boosted by demand in Japan and Australia.
McDonald's Japan -- which posted 10 percent higher same-store sales for January fueled by its Big American hamburger promotion -- said in a separate release that it planned to close about 430 units, mostly in traditional malls, store fronts and food courts, over the next 18 months in a bid to boost overall returns.
That operator, which now has 3,700 units, also plans to open 90 new restaurants and to renovate 250 others in the Japanese market this year. Those investments will mainly focus on free-standing units. McDonald's Corp plans to book related tax impairment charges of $40 million to $50 million, primarily in the first half of this year.
The move came just weeks after Wendy's/Arby's Group
China, seen as a key growth market for McDonald's, reported negative same-store sales for January, in part because the important Chinese New Year holiday falls in February this year, rather than in January as it did in 2009.
McDonald's shares were up 42 cents, or 0.7 percent, to $63.34 in afternoon trade on the New York Stock Exchange.
(Additional reporting by Ben Klayman and Brad Dorfman in Chicago, editing by Dave Zimmerman, Derek Caney and Tim Dobbyn)