At least 1,200 Palestinians in Israeli jails launched an open-ended hunger strike on Tuesday, raising the stakes in a protest about jail conditions and justice that has put the Jewish state under heightened scrutiny.
The start of their action coincided with the release of Khader Adnan, a prisoner who refused food for 66 days before agreeing to a deal under which he was released late on Tuesday and greeted by hundreds of supporters when he reached his home town in the West Bank.
Adnan, 33, is a member of Islamic Jihad, which has vowed to destroy Israel. Inspired by his protest a female prisoner, Hana Shalabi, refused food for 43 days before the Israelis deported her to Gaza, barring her from returning to her native West Bank for at least three years.
Hunger strikes by a few individuals have gathered an unexpected momentum, leading to mass action by prisoners against the Israeli use of solitary confinement, the difficulty of securing family visits and the strip searches inflicted on visitors.
Palestinians also criticise the use of 'administrative detention', whereby Israel can imprison suspects indefinitely, without ever informing them of the charges they face or presenting their lawyers with any evidence.
Hundreds of prisoners joined the battle of empty stomachs on Tuesday to coincide with Prisoners' Day, when both the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip stage mass rallies in support of some 4,800 Palestinians who are held in Israeli jails.
The Israeli prisons authority said 2,300 prisoners had announced they would reject their daily meal on Tuesday, while 1,200 indicated they were launching a formal hunger strike.
The Israeli Prisons Authority has coped with hunger strikes in the past and is prepared to cope with it now, it added.
Palestinian officials said 1,600 prisoners were joining the indefinite hunger strike, which fits into their much broader struggle to secure an independent homeland.
I am afraid for the life of my son. I am afraid for all their lives. All the prisoners are as dear to me as my son is, said Gaza resident Zbaida Al-Masri, adding that her son, Yusri, was serving a 20-year term for fighting against Israel.
Although all the main Palestinian political factions said they were backing the action, divisions swiftly appeared, with prisoners from the mainstream Fatah faction accusing the Islamist group Hamas of using the campaign to divert attention from its own internal divisions.
Attempts to end a feud between President Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah movement, which holds sway in the West Bank, and Hamas, which governs Gaza, have so far failed to bear fruit.
Abbas urged the prisoners to remain united in their cause.
The sole beneficiary of the Palestinian split is Israel, the occupying power, he said in a statement. Preserve the unity of the prisoners' movement because you know what divisions and disagreements have done to our homeland and our just cause.
At the pro-prisoner rally in Gaza, boys in chains stood before the crowd as demonstrators set fire to an Israeli flag. On a nearby float, a dummy representing an Israeli soldier sat dejected-looking in an iron cage.
We demand that the Palestinian resistance carries out a second prisoner swap deal, said Ahmed Bahar, a senior Hamas politician, hinting that militants should try to seize an Israeli soldier and trade his freedom for that of Palestinian prisoners.
Israel agreed last year to free 1,000 Palestinians in return for the release of Gilad Shalit, a soldier seized by Hamas and held captive for five years.
(Additional reporting by Ali Sawafta in Ramallah and Nidal al-Mughrabi in Gaza; editing by Tim Pearce)