GDX, GDXJ, GLD, IAU, SGOL
S&P's latest report is titled "High Prices Mask a Difficult Future for Gold Miners." The implication her is that S&P believes that Gold miners could face pressure on their underlying credit ratings to the point that new projects are curtailed, investment is reduced, dividends could be cut and many operations could be shut down entirely.
Today's report signals just some of the longer-term risks for the major miners and producers held in the Market Vectors Gold Miners ETF (NYSEMKT:GDX) and in the Market Vectors Junior Gold Miners ETF (NYSEMKT:GDXJ).
S&P sees production increasing in the single-digits over the next two or three years, but it believes production will start to decline thereafter. New capacity is expected to offset decreasing reserves, but that will not last long.
S&P sees the leading Gold companies increasing their combined annual production of 27-M ounces by about 5.7-M ounces a year through Y 2016 but the increased supply may be enough to act as an overhang on prices.
A Key quote here brings up questions of the bubble in demand. It noted: Gold prices tend to be volatile and unpredictable. It is difficult to assume that demand from investors, which currently makes up 50% of total gold demand, will be sustainable over time. This is on top of the current record level of physical gold linked to exchange-traded funds.
The growth of the SPDR Gold Shares (NYSEMKT:GLD), iShares Gold Trust (NYSEMKT:IAU) and ETFS Physical Swiss Gold Shares (NYSEMKT:SGOL) has all been astronomical in recent years.
S&P thinks that major gold miners have adequate financial flexibility to deal with low Gold prices 12 to 18 months, but S&P said that the commodities boom has added 10% to 15% in production costs.
A concern is that the investment needed to support existing production is with $150 to $200 per ounce per year on top of a media $600 to $650 cost per ounce today, but new cap-ex spending plans could lift production costs to $1,000 or $1,100 per ounce. If Gold were to revert back to $1,200 or so, you can see where S&P's fears come into play.
Out of the Denver Gold Forum 2012 this week there was something else that S&P did not go into as much detail about.
New major Gold discoveries are becoming harder and harder to find. Massive Gold veins have been tapped and tapped, so many new projects are considered lower quality or higher cost. There were some 168 Gold companies presenting there this week.
There is some good news for the Gold Bugs, as Gold gets more difficult to find, that limits new supply and we know what happens in economic terms if supply becomes scarce. And if Gold mines start to cut production due to lower prices, then that lower production might likely put in a floor or boost the price.
Wednesday's report from S&P may be a harbinger of a self-fulfilling prophecy that supports high Gold prices, but it does not imply that gold mining outfits are assured to be profitable.
Paul A. Ebeling, Jnr.
Paul A. Ebeling, Jnr. writes and publishes The Red Roadmaster's Technical Report on the US Major Market Indices, a weekly, highly-regarded financial market letter, read by opinion makers, business leaders and organizations around the world.
Paul A. Ebeling, Jnr has studied the global financial and stock markets since 1984, following a successful business career that included investment banking, and market and business analysis. He is a specialist in equities/commodities, and an accomplished chart reader who advises technicians with regard to Major Indices Resistance/Support Levels.