U.S. environmental officials said on Wednesday talks will continue with Volkswagen aimed at reaching an agreement on a fix for nearly 600,000 diesel vehicles that emit up to 40 times legally allowable limits.

Nearly four months after the emissions scandal broke, there is no timetable for winning approval of a fix - or for starting to repair vehicles or lifting the government's ban on the sale of 2016 VW diesel models.

VW Chief Executive Officer Matthias Mueller met with Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Gina McCarthy for an hour at the agency's headquarters Wednesday. It was the highest level meeting between U.S. and VW officials since the scandal became public in September.

"We will continue to work toward a solution," an EPA spokeswoman said.

The company has faced growing criticism on the handling of the crisis and some U.S. government officials were angered - including Connecticut's Attorney General - by a radio interview in which Mueller suggested that VW officials did not lie to hide the emissions software.

Mueller said earlier this week that he planned to propose a fix at the meeting, which the German automaker had requested. Neither VW nor the EPA would answer questions about whether the proposal was made or how it may have been received.

The meeting, which also included Herbert Diess, head of the company's VW brand, came one day after California rejected VW's plan submitted in December as "inadequate" and not fast enough - and EPA agreed.

Mueller left the agency headquarters at around 11 a.m. EST (1600 GMT) without making any comments.

"We appreciate the time that Administrator McCarthy took to meet with us," the company said in a statement. "Volkswagen will continue to fully cooperate."

In Detroit, Chris Grundler, who heads the EPA's Office of Transportation and Air Quality, said at an Automotive News forum that the agency wanted a fix as soon as possible - and said the agency does not have a satisfactory plan yet from VW.

"We are in a hurry," he said but offered no timetable for approving one, or details on why VW's initial proposal fell short.

He said regulators will continue to "insist on an expeditious fix that will not only bring these vehicles into compliance but also do so in a way that doesn’t create any adverse impacts for owners,” Grundler said. “We’re not there yet."

On his first U.S. visit since the emissions scandal erupted in September, Mueller has been meeting with government officials in Washington since late Monday.

Mueller said on Sunday that he believed a new catalytic converter system could be fitted to most affected U.S. vehicles in a solution he believed might satisfy regulators.

However, he also appeared to play down the seriousness of the cheating by Europe's biggest carmaker during an interview aired by National Public Radio.

Mueller blamed the scandal on a misunderstanding and called it a technical, not an ethical, problem.

The remarks, coupled with the time it has taken Mueller to visit the United States since becoming CEO in September, drew criticism in the United States and raised fresh questions over Volkswagen's (VOWG_p.DE) handling of the crisis.

A union source close to the German company's supervisory board ‎said on Wednesday he was "astonished" by Mueller's remarks.

"Those comments are anything but helpful and should have never been made," he said, speaking on condition of anonymity because of the delicacy of the subject.

Volkswagen in Wolfsburg later issued a statement acknowledging the "irritation" caused by Mueller's choice of words in English, which is not his native language.

"It is important for him to make clear: Volkswagen's apology for the breach of trust with the American people is meant sincerely and honestly," the company said.

U.S. environmental regulators are unimpressed with VW's efforts so far to make amends for the emission of as much as 40 times the legal limit of nitrogen oxide by its 2.0 liter diesel cars over seven years.

"VW's submissions are incomplete, substantially deficient, and fall far short of meeting the legal requirements to return these vehicles to the claimed certified configuration," the California Air Resources Board wrote in a letter to VW on the eve of the talks with the EPA on Tuesday.

The letter referred to a proposal made in December, which the EPA also rejected.

Barclays analysts said obtaining the good will of U.S. authorities could be crucial in reducing civil or criminal penalties the carmaker is likely to face.

Shares of VW, down about a fifth since it admitted cheating the tests, earlier rose by as much as 3.4 percent on hopes of a deal but closed down 0.4 percent at 120.50 euros.

The California regulators said they would continue to work with the carmaker and the EPA to find a solution but emphasized the danger to public health that VW continued to pose.

(Additional reporting by Anika Ross and Andreas Cremer; Editing by Lisa Von Ahn andBernard Orr)