U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon will attempt to revive flagging Cyprus peace talks on Sunday, convening a two-day meeting with rival leaders to resolve a dispute harming Turkey's EU entry bid and energy projects in the eastern Mediterranean.
Cyprus's reunification process has stumbled on complex issues such as future co-governance under a federal system, an issue one source said was on the agenda of the meeting.
Cyprus, with a combined population of 1 million people, was split in a Turkish invasion in 1974 triggered by a brief Greek inspired coup. The conflict, a source of tension between NATO allies Greece and Turkey, is thrown into sharper focus by Ankara's attempts to join the European Union and a simmering dispute over Mediterranean hydrocarbon riches.
Switching from the normal venue of peace talks from an abandoned airport compound on the scorchingly hot island to a secluded woodlands retreat blanketed by snow on Long Island, the United Nations is hoping the consultations will break the logjam and clear a way forward in the long-running conflict.
We will use this meeting for them to make their case that they have a way to solve divergences on core issues, that this is not a complete deadlock, said a diplomat close to the process.
Ban, together with Greek Cypriot leader Demetris Christofias and Turkish Cypriot leader Dervis Eroglu, made a brief public appearance on Sunday but had no comments.
When he called the meeting in July, Ban had hoped to report agreement on outstanding issues. That has not materialized and he was likely to give the two sides more time to resolve differences, diplomats said.
Both communities now run their affairs - Greek Cypriots as the official representatives of the whole of Cyprus in the EU and Turkish Cypriots, whose self-governing enclave is not internationally recognized.
Diplomats say they want a deal by the time Cyprus assumes the EU presidency in July 2012, worried that Turkey will sever already troubled ties altogether with the bloc. Ankara does not have diplomatic relations with the Greek Cypriot government.
Ankara also opposes attempts by Greek Cypriots to drill for gas south of the island, saying it risks derailing the peace process. U.S. based Noble Energy started drilling for natural gas south of Cyprus in September and Cypriot officials say there are encouraging indications of large gas deposits.
Ban was due to spend several hours with Eroglu and Christofias at the secluded Greentree Estate on Long Island on Sunday and Monday. A team led by U.N. envoy Alexander Downer was to hold talks with the delegates for the rest of the time, a source familiar with consultations said.
The sides agree in principle on reunifying the island as a two-zone federation with a strong central government, but on little else. There are deep-rooted disputes on governance, particularly focussed on how future leaders will be elected and by whom, property rights of thousands of internally displaced people and redrawing territorial boundaries between the two sides.
(Editing by Doina Chiacu)