Gold's London AM fix this morning was USD 1,827.00, EUR 1,298.88, and GBP 1,146.68 per ounce. Gold fixed lower in all currencies from yesterday's AM fix - USD 1,844.00, EUR 1,311.99, GBP 1,153.44 per ounce.
New research from Dr Constantin Gurdgiev, Head of Research with St Columbanus AG, member of the investment committee of GoldCore and the adjunct lecturer in finance in Trinity College, Dublin, questions the widely held belief that retail investors are piling into gold in a speculative frenzy.
This assertion has been heard for many months now. It is one of a few simplistic assertions that are used by those who have been claiming that gold is a bubble - including by respected economists such as Paul Krugman.
In July, Krugman suggested somewhat simplistically that gold prices have risen to record nominal highs due to retail gold dealers in the US engaging in a marketing scam trying to aggressively sell gold coins by preying on people's fears about inflation.
The very real and significant global gold demand, especially from Chinese and Asian store of wealth buyers and from central banks internationally who are set to be net buyers again in 2011, was completely ignored by Krugman.
Many have echoed Krugman's assertion that retail demand for gold coins due to aggressive marketing campaigns by unscrupulous bullion dealers was leading to higher gold prices and creating a gold bubble.
The 'gold bubble' meme has been widely accepted and propagated by much of the non specialist financial press.
Constantin Gurdgiev's article published in The Globe and Mail today looks at the facts and questions this widely held assertion and assumption.
The article, 'If you're looking for bubbles, don't look at gold coins', can be readhere.
The U.S. Mint data on sales of gold coins suggests that we are not in the last days of the 'bubble', finds Gurdgiev.
Buyers of gold bullion coins such as the U.S. Mint's gold eagles are store of value buyers and sometimes collectors, Gurdgiev points out.
They are not speculative buyers trying to time the market and make a short term financial gain or speculative profit.
Buyers of gold bullion coins and bars are not speculators as speculation is a financial action that does not promise safety of the initial investment along with the return on the principal sum. Most buyers of gold coins are motivated not by a return on capital but by a return of capital and by wealth preservation.
This is particularly the case in today's extremely uncertain world where some blue chip stocks, including bank stocks, have collapsed to become worthless and where a safe haven currency such as the Swiss franc can be devalued against gold and other currencies by more than 7% in a matter of minutes.
Concern, risk aversion and sometimes fear is leading to store of wealth demand. Demand today is not driven by greed, irrational exuberance or a mass mania to get rich by jumping on the latest bandwagon.
Gurdgiev points out that gold coins are traditionally held by retail investors as portable units to store wealth. Due to this, plus demand from collectors, gold coins are less liquid and represent more of a pure 'store of value' than a speculative instrument.
The data shows that there has not been a dramatic increase in demand for theU.S. Mint's Gold Eagles with annual demand in 2011 set to be some 1,275,000 oz which is below the levels since back in 1986-1987, in 1998-1999 and more recently in 2009 when demand was 1,435,000 oz.
Gurdgiev points out that even if there was record demand for gold eagles today surpassing the levels seen in 1986-1987, in 1998-1999, and again in 2009, it would not necessarily be a contrarian signal that gold was a bubble about to burst.
Classical bubbles arise when speculative motives (bets on continued accelerating price appreciation) exceed fundamentals-driven motives for holding gold. In later stages of the bubble, we should, therefore, expect demand for gold coins to fall compared to the demand for financially instrumented gold.
This is something we have long pointed out. Demand for gold bullion coins and bars is not a good contrarian indicator of retail demand and the typical mass mania greedy buying that accompanies most market tops and most bubbles.
A far better indicator of this is the Commitment of Traders (COT) data from the COMEX and data from the global gold market and the increasingly important gold spot and futures markets in Dubai (DMCC) and especially Shanghai (SGE).
(COT data from the COMEX, as we pointed out last week, is far from the record levels seen in recent years and sentiment remains lukewarm today.)
The myriad of more liquid gold ETFs which cater for the less risk averse stock trading and investing public may also be a good benchmark of retail exuberance for gold.
Gurdgiev's excellent article concludes that the data and evidence from the U.S. Mint regarding the behaviourally anchored, longer-term demand for gold coins as wealth preservation tool for smaller retail investors does not appear to support the view of a dramatic over-buying of gold by the fabled speculatively crazed retail investors that some media commentators are seeing nowadays.