Stocks dropped on Friday as the most recent flare-up in Greek negotiations for a financial bailout package put the S&P 500 on track to snap a three-day winning streak.
Selling was broad, with each of the 10 major S&P sectors negative in early trading. The CBOE Volatility index <.VIX>, a measure of volatility referred to as Wall Street's fear index, spiked more than 7 percent, its biggest jump in three months.
Stocks rose modestly on Thursday to push the S&P up 7.5 percent for the year after an apparent deal was reached between Greek parties on reforms, leaving equities primed for a pullback.
But the agreement was dealt a blow as workers in Greece went on strike to oppose fiscal reform measures requested by the European Union and International Monetary Fund, as Greek Finance Minister Evangelos Venizelos said the nation needs to reach a decision within days on accepting the terms of a bailout.
They want some binding resolution that some subsequent Greek government is going to be committed to enforcing, and I can understand the reticence of EU officials for wanting this, said Phil Orlando, chief equity market strategist, at Federated Investors, in New York.
Given the fact we've got a seven-percent rally in six weeks and a twenty-five percent rally in four months, it's perfectly reasonable that we should have a little bit of pause here.
The declines put the benchmark S&P 500 on pace for its first weekly decline in the past six.
European shares fell as the request for further cuts in Greece put the deal in jeopardy, with the FTSEurofirst 300 <.FTEU3> index of top European shares down 0.9 percent.
Bank shares dropped on concerns over the latest stumbling block in the debt crisis. The STOXX Europe 600 euro zone Banking Index <.SX7E> fell 2.1 percent and the KBW Bank index <.BKX> dropped 1.5 percent. JPMorgan Chase & Co
The Dow Jones industrial average <.DJI> dropped 125.48 points, or 0.97 percent, to 12,764.98. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index <.SPX> lost 13.09 points, or 0.97 percent, to 1,338.86. The Nasdaq Composite Index <.IXIC> declined 27.97 points, or 0.96 percent, to 2,899.26.
The Thomson Reuters/University of Michigan overall index of consumer sentiment fell to 72.5 in early February from January's 75.0, which was the highest level since February 2011.
Data from the U.S. Commerce Department showed the monthly trade gap for December swelled to $48.8 billion as goods imports climbed to the highest level since July 2008.
Adding to the dour tone, China's imports fell in January, the most since the depths of the financial crisis, raising concerns demand may be wilting more than previously thought, even accounting for shutdowns over the Lunar New Year.
Arch Coal Inc
According to Thomson Reuters data, 352 companies in the S&P 500 have reported results through Friday morning, with 63 percent topping analyst expectations, tracking below recent quarters through this stage of the earnings season.
(Reporting By Chuck Mikolajczak; Editing by Padraic Cassidy)