President Sebastian Pinera held a meeting with leaders of some of Chile's opposition parties on Tuesday, aiming to find a way to end street violence that has claimed 15 lives amid sustained protests.

A bus burns in downtown Santiago. Protests over metro fare increases escalated into clashes with riot police, with subway stations torched and vandalised A bus burns in downtown Santiago. Protests over metro fare increases escalated into clashes with riot police, with subway stations torched and vandalised Photo: AFP / CLAUDIO REYES

Firefighters tackle the blazing ENCEL building, which was set alight during protests in downtown Santiago Firefighters tackle the blazing ENCEL building, which was set alight during protests in downtown Santiago Photo: AFP / JAVIER TORRES

Dozens of Santiago metro stations were torched, forcing the closure of the entire subway network Dozens of Santiago metro stations were torched, forcing the closure of the entire subway network Photo: AFP / JAVIER TORRES

The unrest started as a fare-dodging protest against the hike in metro ticket prices The unrest started as a fare-dodging protest against the hike in metro ticket prices Photo: AFP / JAVIER TORRES

Three parties, including Chile's largest opposition group the Socialist Party, boycotted the meeting, while protesters took to the streets of the capital Santiago and other cities once again, mostly peacefully.

Nearly all of Santiago's 164 subway stations were damaged, with several set on fire by protestors Nearly all of Santiago's 164 subway stations were damaged, with several set on fire by protestors Photo: AFP / JAVIER TORRES

The unrest started with a mass fare-dodging protest against the fare increase The unrest started with a mass fare-dodging protest against the fare increase Photo: AFP / CLAUDIO REYES

The army announced a night-time curfew -- from 8:00 pm to 5:00 am -- for the fourth day in a row.

View of the Chilean electric company ENEL's building, after being burned during a mass protests on October 18, 2019 in Santiago View of the Chilean electric company ENEL's building, after being burned during a mass protests on October 18, 2019 in Santiago Photo: AFP / Pablo VERA

A metro station in Chile burns during protests triggered by a fare hike A metro station in Chile burns during protests triggered by a fare hike Photo: AFP / JAVIER TORRES

The country's worst violence in decades erupted on Friday, initially triggered by an increase in metro fares.

Chilean soldiers patrol the streets of Santiago in the early hours of the morning after violent protests triggered a declaration of a state of emergency Chilean soldiers patrol the streets of Santiago in the early hours of the morning after violent protests triggered a declaration of a state of emergency Photo: AFP / JAVIER TORRES

Protesters argue with Chilean soldiers during clashes in Santiago on October 19, 2019 Protesters argue with Chilean soldiers during clashes in Santiago on October 19, 2019 Photo: AFP / Martin BERNETTI

A bus burns during clashes between protesters and riot police in Santiago, Chile October 19, 2019 A bus burns during clashes between protesters and riot police in Santiago, Chile October 19, 2019 Photo: AFP / Martin BERNETTI

But it has mushroomed into a broader outcry against social and economic woes, including a yawning gap between rich and poor, in a country normally considered one of the most stable in Latin America.

Demonstrators set up barricades during clashes between protesters and the riot police in Santiago, Chile on October 19, 2019 Demonstrators set up barricades during clashes between protesters and the riot police in Santiago, Chile on October 19, 2019 Photo: AFP / Martin BERNETTI

Aerial view of a metro station burned by protesters in Santiago on October 19, 2019 Aerial view of a metro station burned by protesters in Santiago on October 19, 2019 Photo: AFP / Javier TORRES

The conservative Pinera declared over the weekend that the country was "at war against a powerful, implacable enemy," and imposed a state of emergency on Santiago and most of Chile's 16 regions.

Photo released by Aton of soldiers outside La Moneda presidential palace in Santiago on October 19, 2019 Photo released by Aton of soldiers outside La Moneda presidential palace in Santiago on October 19, 2019 Photo: ATON CHILE / Ramon MONROY

Photo: AFPTV / Alexandre Plaza

But he adopted a more conciliatory tone on Monday, calling on other parties to join him in trying to find "solutions to the problems afflicting Chileans."

Two days of violent unrest in Santiago have seen metros and buses burned, and clashes between riot police and protesters Two days of violent unrest in Santiago have seen metros and buses burned, and clashes between riot police and protesters Photo: AFP / Pablo VERA

Soldiers arrest a demonstrator during protests in Concepcion, Chile, on October 20, 2019 Soldiers arrest a demonstrator during protests in Concepcion, Chile, on October 20, 2019 Photo: AFP / PABLO HIDALGO

Thousands still gathered peacefully at the Plaza Italia focal point in the capital on Tuesday.

President Pinera has confirmed Santiago and nine other of Chile's 16 regions are in a state of emergency President Pinera has confirmed Santiago and nine other of Chile's 16 regions are in a state of emergency Photo: AFP / PABLO HIDALGO

Clashes in Chile have seen police and military fire tear gas and water cannon against protesters Clashes in Chile have seen police and military fire tear gas and water cannon against protesters Photo: AFP / JAVIER TORRES

Shops in Santiago have shuttered and many flights been cancelled at the international airport due to protests in the city Shops in Santiago have shuttered and many flights been cancelled at the international airport due to protests in the city Photo: AFP / Pedro Ugarte

Meanwhile the country's largest union, the Workers' United Center of Chile (CUT) alongside 18 other social organizations, called strikes and protests for Thursday and Friday.

The clashes in Chile were sparked by anger over price hikes and social inequality The clashes in Chile were sparked by anger over price hikes and social inequality Photo: AFP / CLAUDIO REYES

Despite a growth rate that should reach 2.5 percent of GDP this year, several social indicators in Chile show very high inequalities Despite a growth rate that should reach 2.5 percent of GDP this year, several social indicators in Chile show very high inequalities Photo: AFP / Pablo VERA

The public health sector workers' union also announced its own plans for industrial action.

Photo: AFPTV / Alexandre Plaza

President Sebastian Pinera has confirmed Santiago and nine other of Chile's 16 regions are in a state of emergency President Sebastian Pinera has confirmed Santiago and nine other of Chile's 16 regions are in a state of emergency Photo: AFP / JAVIER TORRES

Death toll rises

"The president has listened attentively to various approaches" and will soon propose a new social agenda, Interior Minister Andres Chadwick said after the meeting.

Chart comparing Chile's key socio-economic indicators with selected Latin American countries Chart comparing Chile's key socio-economic indicators with selected Latin American countries Photo: AFP / Jorge MARTINEZ

Photo: AFPTV / Alexandre Plaza

Manuel Monsalve, the president of the Socialist Party, said he had boycotted because it wouldn't be an "open dialogue."

Demonstrators clash with riot police during a protest in Santiago, on October 21, 2019 Demonstrators clash with riot police during a protest in Santiago, on October 21, 2019 Photo: AFP / Pedro UGARTE

Since the worst outbreak of social unrest in decades broke out on Friday, almost 1,500 people have been detained Since the worst outbreak of social unrest in decades broke out on Friday, almost 1,500 people have been detained Photo: AFP / CLAUDIO REYES

Authorities reported 103 serious incidents throughout the country with 1,462 people detained -- 614 in Santiago and 848 in the rest of the country Authorities reported 103 serious incidents throughout the country with 1,462 people detained -- 614 in Santiago and 848 in the rest of the country Photo: AFP / CLAUDIO REYES

One of Chile's largest conglomerates, Quinenco, decided to act swiftly and promised to increase its minimum salaries to 500,000 pesos ($704) a month from January 1 -- 60 percent more than the current minimum wage of 301,000 pesos.

Protests originally against a hike in metro fares have turned into anger at the Chilean military and President Sebastian Pinera Protests originally against a hike in metro fares have turned into anger at the Chilean military and President Sebastian Pinera Photo: AFP / JAVIER TORRES

Almost 1,500 people have been detained since Chile's outbreak of social unrest began Almost 1,500 people have been detained since Chile's outbreak of social unrest began Photo: AFP / JAVIER TORRES

Chile's big business conglomerates are one of the major factors in the huge wealth disparity that has angered protesters.

Chile's security forces have used tear gas and water cannons on the most unruly demonstrators Chile's security forces have used tear gas and water cannons on the most unruly demonstrators Photo: AFP / JAVIER TORRES

Troops have been deployed onto Chilean streets for the first time since Augusto Pinochet's military dictatorship between 1973-1990 Troops have been deployed onto Chilean streets for the first time since Augusto Pinochet's military dictatorship between 1973-1990 Photo: AFP / MARTIN BERNETTI

The violence -- with widespread looting, arson and clashes with security forces -- is the worst to hit Chile since it returned to democracy after the 1973-1990 rightwing dictatorship led by General Augusto Pinochet.

Violent unrest in Santiago has seen metros and buses burned, and clashes between riot police and protesters Violent unrest in Santiago has seen metros and buses burned, and clashes between riot police and protesters Photo: AFP / PEDRO UGARTE

Photo: AFPTV / Ivan PISARENKO

Pinera suspended the metro fare increase on Saturday but violence continued, and some 20,000 police and military troops have been deployed to provide security.

Demonstrators clash with riot police during protests in Santiago, on October 20, 2019 Demonstrators clash with riot police during protests in Santiago, on October 20, 2019 Photo: AFP / CLAUDIO REYES

Demonstrators clash against soldiers during a protest in Valparaiso, Chile, on October 21, 2019 Demonstrators clash against soldiers during a protest in Valparaiso, Chile, on October 21, 2019 Photo: AFP / JAVIER TORRES

A 55-year-old man taking part in Monday's protests, who gave his name only as Orlando, blamed the protests on low salaries and pensions, waiting lists at hospitals and high prices for medicine, rather than the metro fare hike.

The government started naming some of the dead on Tuesday. Nine had died in fires, one was electrocuted and five were shot, four of those by the security forces.

Eleven of the fatalities were in the Santiago region, while a Peruvian and an Ecuadorian were among the dead.

Chile's human rights institute said more than 200 people had been taken to hospital, almost half with gunshot wounds, while many others suffered eye injuries from pellets.

Since the unrest began, more than 2,600 people have been detained.

Relative calm

Monday night saw a marked drop in violence, which continued on Tuesday. Santiago was largely deserted in the early hours of Tuesday, except for military vehicles and police patrols.

During the day there was almost none of the violence, looting or torching of public property and private businesses that marked the first few days of protest.

In central Santiago, many shops and businesses that were closed on Monday reopened. Commuters and shoppers formed long lines at bus stops and supermarkets.

Only one of the Santiago metro's seven lines -- which normally carry three million people a day -- was operational, although a fleet of 4,300 public buses took up much of the slack.

More than half of Santiago's 136 metro stations suffered heavy damage during last week's protests.

Around 50 schools and 10 universities in the capital remained closed on Tuesday but hospitals and clinics operated normally.

At Santiago's international airport, South American airline giant LATAM brought out deck chairs for passengers stranded by flight cancelations caused by the protests.

Chile's football association said it was suspending its professional leagues for a second successive weekend.

'Pinera out!'

Security forces have used tear gas and water cannon on stone-throwing demonstrators who set up street barricades and lit fires, but there was less of that in evidence on Tuesday.

On Monday, protesters chanted "Pinera Out!" and "Get out military!"

Art teacher Camila Rojas, 29, said protesters had many demands, but "Pinera's resignation is the first thing."

#Pineradictador -- Pinera dictator -- was trending on social media as users denounced violence by security forces.