A social movement that seeks to distance, reduce, or avoid globalization.
The anti-globalization movement stems from the process of globalization. Globalization can have some negative effects, such as job insecurity, unstable currency, and even terrorism. Some argue that globalization increases the erasing of cultures and increases air pollution, apathy, and ignorance among citizens. People created the anti-globalization movement to directly oppose rapidly expanding globalization and the negative effects it can create.
In a sense, globalization brings people closer, connected, and intertwined. People create groups; groups become a faction, factions become nations. People are united, coordinated, integrated–yet slow, unconcealed, and limited. One of the massive effects of globalization is the unification of nations. Several nations in Europe created the European Union to further their trade routes, ease access between borders, and make multinational companies thrive better and easier.
While the majority of the world is for globalization, anti-globalization is on the rise. People are advocating to preserve natural environments, protect human rights, and combat government reach. Anti-globalization seeks free trade between markets and gives more power to smaller local government factions. The idea is to give the power back to the people, let nations govern themselves, and let trade flow naturally.
Real-World Example of Anti-Globalization
More commonly referred to as Brexit, the Britain Exit is one of the biggest anti-globalization movements in recent history. It started with the rise of the UK independence party group. Their main principle was to make the UK fully govern its territory. But, because they're still a part of the European Union (EU), they could not do that.
The new UK independence party group saw the EU as their main obstacle. They felt like the EU laws made the UK less powerful. So, the new party held a vote to leave the EU. The new UK independent party had three primary reasons for leaving the EU:
- Control of trade deals.
- Control of immigration rules.
- Break free from EU laws.
The vote shows people favored the UK's exit from the EU, albeit by a thin margin (52% to 48%). The deal itself is complicated since the United Kingdom has a union between Ireland, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and England. After years of stalemate, on 1 February 2020, the UK finally left the EU. They regained their independence and successfully became the biggest anti-globalization movement in recent history.
Types of Anti-Globalization
Throughout the political cause for anti-globalization, many topics are addressed and debated. But there are four main attributes associated with anti-globalization that can encompass almost all issues. These issues are:
- Trade and transactions.
- Capital and investments.
- Migrations and movement of people.
- Dissemination of knowledge.
These attributes encompass anti-globalization's main goal to end The World Bank, The IMF, and the World Trade Organization. These organizations are seen as the driving force behind many private corporations and governments. If you take away or reduce their power, the states and nations can once again be given the power to commence trade and commerce in ways that benefit local people.