Special Peril Insurance
An insurance policy that covers the property of the insured from all specific perils like wind, theft, or fire, except those that the insurance company excludes in the contract.
Special Perils Insurance Details
A peril in insurance terminology is any incident that causes property damage or loss as opposed to hazard, which increases the likelihood that a peril will occur, and risk, which describes the said likelihood. Fire, theft, wind, and vandalism are common or basic perils that homeowner’s insurances can safeguard against.
Peril insurance may provide you with basic, broad, or special coverage. Basic and broad coverages protect your property only against a set of perils specified in the insurance documentation.
Special Perils Insurance is the most comprehensive type of policy that insurers recommend purchasing. When shopping for insurance, you’d probably find out that studying all potential perils that might happen to your property would be very time-consuming. Special perils policies state a few exclusions of perils, and if the damage caused to your asset isn’t by one of the excluded perils, the insurance will cover you if a mishap occurs.
Banks always go forward with purchasing special perils insurance when seeking coverage for their assets.
Example of Special Perils Insurance
Say you’re painting the walls, and you drop a can of bright color paint on the couch. It rolls over and falls on the floor, continuing to spill and leaving spots and traces of paint until it eventually stops on the carpet across the couch. The basic peril insurance will reimburse you for the damage (the dent on the floor) the container caused. However, the special perils insurance will cover both the dent on the floor and the damage the paint itself created when it spilled.
Significance of Special Perils Insurance
Special perils insurance provides the broadest coverage. However, as with any other insurance, it’s important to get familiar with the perils your policy shields you from because they vary based on your location, your type of policy, and others.
Types of Special Peril Insurance
Besides the homeowner’s or renter’s special perils insurance, all perils car insurance reimburses you for losses you incur on your vehicle, as long as they’re not a result of a car crash. This type of insurance covers your car, even if another driver damages it.
Special Perils Policy vs. Named Perils Policy
Insurance policies offer two types of coverage for perils: named perils and special perils (also known as open or all-risk). Most insurance companies (e.g., Allstate, Andrew Gordon, Excel Insurance Group, and Embroker) publish the same list of named perils on their websites. According to them, named-perils policies protect you from loss or damage in the events of “fire or lightning, windstorm, explosion, civil commotion, aircraft or vehicles crash, smoke, vandalism, theft, volcanic eruption, falling object, heavy ice, snow, or sleet, accidental water overflow, sudden and accidental tearing apart, cracking, burning, or bulging of certain household systems, freezing, sudden and accidental damage from the artificially generated electrical current.”
Open or Special Perils Insurance policy works the opposite way from Named Perils Insurance which covers all perils except for those the policy lists as exclusions. An open-perils policy covers more losses, and you know which exact ones aren’t protected. Exclusions in an open-perils policy often vary across individual policies and different states, but your policy always describes them. Commonly, open-perils policies list exclusions like earthquake or landslide, flood, power failure, neglect, and war.