WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange must remain in custody in Britain, while the US appeals a court decision to block his extradition to face charges there for leaking secret documents, a judge in London ruled Wednesday.

Judge Vanessa Baraitser, who on Monday refused to grant his extradition, told Westminster Magistrates Court that if released there were "substantial grounds" to suspect Assange would "fail to surrender" for future appeal hearings.

"Mr Assange still has an incentive to abscond from these as yet unresolved proceedings," she said.

Assange spent years in the Ecuadorean embassy to avoid extradition from the UK Assange spent years in the Ecuadorean embassy to avoid extradition from the UK Photo: AFP / Justin TALLIS

 

"As a matter of fairness the United States must be able to challenge my decision. If Mr Assange absconds during this process then they will have lost the opportunity to do so."

Outside court, lawyer Stella Morris, Assange's fiancee and the mother of two of his children, called the decision "a huge disappointment" and urged the US Justice Department to drop the charges.

A lawyer for the US government earlier urged Baraitser not to release the controversial Australian publisher, and detailed how it planned to challenge her decision to block his extradition on mental health grounds.

IMAGESJulian Assange's fiancee Stella Moris and WikiLeaks editor-in-chief Kristinn Hrafnsson arrive at Westminster Magistrates' Court, in central London, ahead of the bail hearing in Assange's extradition case. Lawyers for the WikiLeaks founder will argue IMAGESJulian Assange's fiancee Stella Moris and WikiLeaks editor-in-chief Kristinn Hrafnsson arrive at Westminster Magistrates' Court, in central London, ahead of the bail hearing in Assange's extradition case. Lawyers for the WikiLeaks founder will argue he should be released from a British prison on bail, pending Washington's appeal against a decision not to extradite him to the United States. Photo: AFPTV / Mathilde BELLENGER

 

"We respectfully submit on behalf of the United States that there are insurmountable hurdles to Mr Assange being granted bail," Clair Dobbin said.

She added there were "no conditions that could guarantee his surrender" in future.

"The history of his attempts to evade extradition to the United States demonstrate that he is capable of going to any length to avoid that possibility," Dobbin said.

Mexico said it was ready to offer political asylum to Assange Mexico said it was ready to offer political asylum to Assange Photo: AFP / Pedro PARDO

 

The court "should be under no doubt about his resources to abscond" and pointed to offers of political asylum, notably from Mexico, she added.

 

 

Supporters of Assange celebrated outside the court in London after a judge ruled that he should not be extradited to the United States Supporters of Assange celebrated outside the court in London after a judge ruled that he should not be extradited to the United States Photo: AFP / DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS

 

Assange attended court wearing a suit and mask over his mouth, two days after the unexpected decision to deny his removal to the United States on the basis the risk of his suicide there was too great.

Edward Fitzgerald, his lawyer, argued he should be freed after spending 15 months in custody awaiting the extradition proceedings.

Baraitser's decision on Monday "certainly changes any motive to abscond," he added. "The court has given a decision and the decision has been that he should be discharged."

Members of the media and crowds of his supporters gathered outside the court in anticipation of the decision Members of the media and crowds of his supporters gathered outside the court in anticipation of the decision Photo: AFP / JUSTIN TALLIS

 

Assange is wanted in Washington to face 18 charges relating to the 2010 release by WikiLeaks of 500,000 secret files detailing aspects of military campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq.

The US claims he helped intelligence analyst Chelsea Manning steal the 2010 documents before exposing confidential sources around the world.

He faces a possible 175-year sentence if convicted but Assange and his lawyers have long argued the case against him is politically motivated.

Timeline on Julian Assange, the Australian founder of WikiLeaks. A British judge on January 4 ruled that he should not be extradited to the US to face espionage charges. Timeline on Julian Assange, the Australian founder of WikiLeaks. A British judge on January 4 ruled that he should not be extradited to the US to face espionage charges. Photo: AFP / Vincent LEFAI

 

He has been held at the high-security Belmarsh prison in southeast London.

A previous request for bail in March on the grounds he was vulnerable to Covid-19 behind bars was rejected.

Assange sought sanctuary in Ecuador's embassy in 2012, after Sweden issued an arrest warrant in connection with sexual assault allegations.

He spent seven years at the South American country's London mission until the government in Quito revoked his citizenship.

British police dragged him out and arrested him in 2019.

He was then sentenced to 50 weeks in jail for breaching his bail terms in connection with the Swedish case, which was later dropped due to lack of evidence.

The UN called the sentence "disproportionate".

 

 

Assange's long-running legal woes have become a cause celebre for media freedom, even though the judge hearing the case said he did have a case to answer.

Baraitser on Monday said he would have been "well aware" of the effects of his leaking of secret documents, and his actions went "well beyond" the role of a journalist.

But she said extradition would be "oppressive" as his mental health would probably deteriorate in the US penal system, "causing him to commit suicide".

She rejected US experts' testimony that Assange would be protected from self-harm, noting that others such as disgraced US financier Jeffrey Epstein had managed to kill themselves in custody despite supervision.

UN rapporteur on torture Nils Melzer applauded the decision to block his extradition, and said he should be freed and compensated for his ordeal, which amounted to arbitrary detention.

But he said Baraitser had effectively confirmed the rationale behind the US case, which "effectively amounts to criminalising national security journalism".

The United States has called the ruling "extremely disappointing" and has faced calls from WikiLeaks, as well as rights and media freedom groups to drop the appeal.

Media advocacy group Reporters Without Borders said Wednesday's denial of bail was "unnecessarily cruel".