Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois exactly 117 years ago Thursday. The Nobel-Prize-winning author known for his terse prose and adventurous spirit has inspired generations of writers who have followed him.

Hemingway is required reading for many high school and college students. He penned classic novels including "The Sun Also Rises," "A Farewell to Arms" and "For Whom the Bell Tolls," and later wrote popular novella, "The Old Man and the Sea." Hemingway was also a prolific writer of short stories including revered titles such as "Hills Like White Elephants," the series based around a character named Nick Adams and "A Clean Well-Lighted Place." He pioneered the iceberg model of storytelling – in which the back-bone of the story lies in the subtext – and often wrote vivid descriptions of of hunting, bull-fighting, fishing and eating/drinking. 

Hemingway became an idol for many fans because of his hard-drinking and hard-charging lifestyle, many admiring his life an adventurer who traveled about the world. But later in life he suffered from a litany of health issues, which dated back to his time as a volunteer ambulance driver for Italy on the front lines of World War I. Hemingway took his own life in Ketchum, Idaho on July 2, 1961.

Below are 13 quotes, either spoken or written, to honor the author – collected via Brainy Quote and Goodreads – along with photos of the literary giant.

1. "Courage is grace under pressure."

2. "Always do sober what you said you'd do drunk. That will teach you to keep your mouth shut."

3. "All you have to do is write one true sentence. Write the truest sentence that you know."

4. "Happiness in intelligent people is the rarest thing I know."

5. "Every man's life ends the same way. It is only the details of how he lived and how he died that distinguish one man from another."

hemingway young Ernest Hemingway poses with fish that he caught in Wallon Lake in Michigan 1916. Photo: Reuters/The Ernest Hemingway Family Foundation of Oak Park

6. "There is nothing to writing. All you do is sit down at a typewriter and bleed."

7. "The first draft of anything is s--t."

8. "There is no friend as loyal as a book."

9. "If people bring so much courage to this world the world has to kill them to break them, so of course it kills them. The world breaks every one and afterward many are strong at the broken places. But those that will not break it kills. It kills the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially. If you are none of these you can be sure it will kill you too but there will be no special hurry."

10. "Every day is a new day. It is better to be lucky. But I would rather be exact. Then when luck comes you are ready."

11. "If you are lucky enough to have lived in Paris as a young man, then wherever you go for the rest of your life, it stays with you, for Paris is a moveable feast."

12. "But man is not made for defeat. A man can be destroyed but not defeated." 

13. "Never confuse movement with action."