Britain's financial regulator plans to force mortgage lenders to check the income of all borrowers, scrapping so-called liar loans blamed for helping to fuel bad debt problems at the heart of the credit crunch.
In the first draft of plans to overhaul the UK mortgage market, the Financial Services Regulator said on Monday it would also impose affordability tests for all mortgages, but stopped short of capping loan value to property price ratios that could have effectively banned 100 or 125 percent mortgages.
The initial findings of the long-awaited review -- which reflects the increasingly hands-on approach of a regulator widely criticized in the aftermath of the credit crunch -- also called for the FSA's scope to extend to buy-to-let mortgages.
There are clearly certain types of loans which should not be made and there are clearly some consumers who should not place themselves in a position where they wouldn't be able to repay that mortgage in the future, FSA CEO Hector Sants said.
Sants told BBC radio that risk was useful to innovation, but warned the mortgage market had simply become too complex.
Back in 2007 there were something like 10,000 different mortgage products available, something like 3,000 or so products available in the sub-prime area. I think that's a level of complexity we could well do without, he said.
Residential mortgage debt in the UK, which soared in the boom years, now amounts to around 1.23 trillion pounds, according to the FSA, and accounts for approximately 70 percent of all credit extended by lenders in the UK.
Changes to mortgage regulation are a key plank of reforms which the FSA and the government hope will avoid a repeat of the unbridled boom in household debt in the run-up to the crisis.
We... call on the industry to start making changes immediately. They don't have to wait for final rules to adopt fair and responsible lending practices, Financial Services Secretary to the UK Treasury Paul Myners said.
SELF-CERT HIT, NO BAN ON RATIOS - YET
Criticized for failing to prevent the debt problems of UK banks, the FSA had been expected to ban controversial products including self-certified mortgages, after it signaled earlier in the year that allowing customers who are not self-employed to use these loans may have been a mistake.
It said on Monday that all incomes should be verified.
Self-cert mortgages, nicknamed liar loans after they were widely abused, do not require customers to prove their income.
At the height of the housing market boom in July 2007, they accounted for 23 percent of Britain's prime residential home loans. Since then, however, providers have either chosen or been forced to pull out of the specialist mortgage market and currently only two such loans are on offer from one provider.
However, the FSA said it does not plan to impose caps on loan-to-value ratios, which some observers had feared would hit borrowers with high incomes who have little support from parents or others to fund a substantial deposit.
The FSA, which already uses loan-to-value thresholds to set capital requirements, did not rule out the application of caps in the future, after consultation with the industry, but said it would be a blunt approach to achieving the outcomes we want.
The long-awaited review also proposed plans to ban products with toxic combinations of characteristics and arrears charges when a borrower is already repaying a loan, and it said it hoped to extend its remit to buy-to-let and second-charge mortgagees.
Buy-to-let popularity soared in Britain during the boom years, rising from 3.1 billion pounds in 1999 to 44.6 billion pounds by 2007 -- growth of around 20 percent a year.
(Additional reporting by Keith Weir, Matt Falloon; Editing by David Cowell)