Stocks rose from three days of losses on Monday, led by banks after news of more favorable capital requirements and optimism over Greece's austerity plan, but investors cautioned against high hopes.
Monday's gains were a welcome sign of strength but investors were cautious about reading too much into the move. The S&P 500 has fallen as much as 7 percent since April and Monday's volume was lower than average.
We don't see this being the start of a major rally, said Tim Ghriskey, chief investment officer of Solaris Asset Management in Bedford Hills, New York. But this is welcome strength in the market and hopefully a welcome short-term bottom.
Financials, the worst performing sector this year, posted strong gains. The S&P financial index <.GSPF> rose 1.1 percent, with shares of Bank of America
On Saturday, global banking regulators in Basel said bank's need to boost capital by 2.5 percentage points, not the 3 percentage points originally feared. The rules mean banks could have more funds for dividends and share buybacks.
Other sectors that have sold off sharply in the recent bout of weakness posted strong gains. The S&P's technology sector <.GSPT> gained 1.4 percent and the consumer discretionary index <.GSPD> rallied 1.2 percent.
Investors are hoping the Greek parliament this week will pass an unpopular austerity program needed to get the next bailout payment. Also helping to ease worry, French President Nicolas Sarkozy said his government had an agreement with French banks on rolling over Greek debt into new 30-year bonds.
The Dow Jones industrial average <.DJI> gained 108.98 points, or 0.91 percent, to 12,043.56. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index <.SPX> rose 11.65 points, or 0.92 percent, to 1,280.10. The Nasdaq Composite Index <.IXIC> added 35.39 points, or 1.33 percent, to 2,688.28.
Jim Awad, managing director at Zephyr Management in New York, said the market was becoming overly optimistic.
The rally is meaningless and suspect based on premature hopes about Greece, he said. It seems certain the Greek situation over time is likely to get worse rather than better.
The fact the benchmark S&P 500 index was holding above its 200-day moving average of around 1,260 was seen as a sign of technical support after two months of heavy selling.
In economic news, U.S. consumer spending stagnated in May, according to a government report, while a reading on Midwest manufacturing rose slightly. But stock futures barely moved after the data.
Bristol-Myers Squibb Co
About 6 billion shares traded on the New York Stock Exchange, NYSE Amex and Nasdaq -- below the daily average so far this year of around 7.57 billion.
Advancing stocks outnumbered declining ones on the New York Stock Exchange by a ratio of 2 to 1. On the Nasdaq, about two stocks rose for every one that fell.
(Reporting by Edward Krudy; Editing by Kenneth Barry)