The first astronauts for China's new space station are set to blast off Thursday for the country's longest crewed mission to date, a landmark step in establishing Beijing as a major space power.

The trio will launch on a Long March-2F rocket for the Tiangong station, where they will spend three months.

The first crew for China's new space station is set to launch on a Long March-2F rocket The first crew for China's new space station is set to launch on a Long March-2F rocket Photo: China News Service (CNS) / STR

Liftoff is expected at 9:22 am local time (0122 GMT) from the Jiuquan launch centre in northwest China's Gobi desert.

Their Shenzhou-12 spacecraft will dock with the Tianhe main section of the space station, which was placed in orbit on April 29.

The module has separate living spaces for each of them, a treadmill for exercise, and a communication centre for emails and video calls with ground control.

The first Tiangong crew includes Nie Haisheng (C), Liu Boming (R) and Tang Hongbo The first Tiangong crew includes Nie Haisheng (C), Liu Boming (R) and Tang Hongbo Photo: AFP / GREG BAKER

It is China's first crewed mission in nearly five years.

The launch represents a matter of huge prestige in China, as Beijing prepares to mark the 100th anniversary of the ruling Communist Party on July 1 with a massive propaganda campaign.

The Tiangong station is a major step in China's ambitious space programme The Tiangong station is a major step in China's ambitious space programme Photo: AFP / GREG BAKER

To prepare for the mission, the crew has undergone more than 6,000 hours of training, including hundreds of underwater somersaults in full space gear.

The mission's commander is Nie Haisheng, a decorated air force pilot in the People's Liberation Army who has already participated in two space missions.

The two other members are also members of the military.

Over the next year and a half, another 11 missions are planned to complete the construction of Tiangong in orbit.

The first crew will test and maintain the systems onboard, conduct spacewalks and undertake scientific experiments.

China's space ambitions have been fuelled in part by a US ban on its astronauts on the International Space Station, a collaboration between the United States, Russia, Canada, Europe and Japan.

It is due for retirement after 2024, even though NASA said it could potentially remain functional beyond 2028.

Tiangong is to be much smaller than the ISS, and expected to have a lifespan of at least 10 years.