Tens of thousands of Lebanese protesters successfully formed a human chain running north-south across the entire country on Sunday to symbolise newfound national unity.

The nationwide protests have centred on Beirut's Martyrs' Square The nationwide protests have centred on Beirut's Martyrs' Square Photo: AFP / -

Demonstrators joined hands from Tripoli to Tyre, a 170-kilometre (105-mile) chain running through the capital Beirut, as part of an unprecedented cross-sectarian mobilisation.

Tension has mounted in recent days between security forces and protesters, who have blocked roads and brought the country to a standstill to press their demands for a complete overhaul of the political system.

The protests have been free of political or sectarian banners, with the Lebanese flag widely used The protests have been free of political or sectarian banners, with the Lebanese flag widely used Photo: AFP / JOSEPH EID

Lebanon's reviled political elite has defended a belated package of economic reforms and appeared willing to reshuffle the government, but protesters who have stayed on the streets since October 17 want more.

The protests have been relatively incident-free, although security forces have moved to open some roads blocked by demonstrators The protests have been relatively incident-free, although security forces have moved to open some roads blocked by demonstrators Photo: AFP / STR

On foot, by bicycle and on motorbikes, demonstrators and volunteers fanned out along the main north-south highway.

"The idea behind this human chain is to show an image of a Lebanon which, from north to south, rejects any sectarian affiliation," Julie Tegho Bou Nassif, one of the organisers, told AFP.

Lebanese protestors have used imaginative methods to bring attention to their demands Lebanese protestors have used imaginative methods to bring attention to their demands Photo: AFP / -

"There is no political demand today, we only want to send a message by simply holding hands under the Lebanese flag," the 31-year-old history professor told AFP.

Protestors join hands in Nahr al-Kalb, north of Beirut, in a symbol of anti-government protest and national unity Protestors join hands in Nahr al-Kalb, north of Beirut, in a symbol of anti-government protest and national unity Photo: AFP / JOSEPH EID

On the Beirut seafront, men, women and children held hands, some carrying Lebanese flags and many singing the national anthem, an AFP photographer said.

'Dignified life'

In the northern city of Tripoli, where more than half the population lives under the poverty line, some had painted the Lebanese national symbol of a cedar tree on their faces, an AFP reporter said.

Lebanese protesters hold hands to form an unbroken human chain running the entire length of the country from north to south as a symbol of unity, during ongoing anti-government demonstrations on Sunday Lebanese protesters hold hands to form an unbroken human chain running the entire length of the country from north to south as a symbol of unity, during ongoing anti-government demonstrations on Sunday Photo: AFP / Ibrahim CHALHOUB

"We're expressing our demand for a dignified life and our dream as youth for a decent future," 30-year-old participant Tariq Fadli told AFP.

Lebanese protesters formed a 170-kilometre human chain from the southern port of Tyre to Tripoli in the north to underscore their unity against sectarian politics Lebanese protesters formed a 170-kilometre human chain from the southern port of Tyre to Tripoli in the north to underscore their unity against sectarian politics Photo: AFP / Patrick BAZ

In the southern city of Tyre, protesters standing in a line held the edges of a long Lebanese flag, local television showed.

A young boy played with it, making it billow up and down.

Lebanese protesters hold hands to form a human chain Lebanese protesters hold hands to form a human chain Photo: AFP / ANWAR AMRO

The protests have been remarkable for their territorial reach and the absence of political or sectarian banners, in a country often defined by its divisions.

An aerial view shows Lebanese protesters holding hands to form a human chain along the coast An aerial view shows Lebanese protesters holding hands to form a human chain along the coast Photo: AFP /

The leaderless protest movement, driven mostly by a young generation of men and women born after the 1975-1990 civil war, has even been described by some as the birth of a Lebanese civic identity.

The army has sought to re-open main roads across the country, where schools and banks have been closed for more than a week.

In one of the most serious incidents, the army opened fire on Friday to confront a group of protesters blocking a road in Tripoli, wounding at least six people.

But the unprecedented protest movement has been relatively incident-free, despite tensions with the armed forces and attempts by party loyalists to stage counter-demonstrations.

Protesters have been demanding the removal of the entire ruling class, which has remained largely unchanged in three decades.

Many of the political heavyweights are former warlords seen as representing little beyond their own sectarian or geographical community.

Brink of collapse

The protesters see them as corrupt and incompetent and have so far dismissed measures proposed by the political leadership to quell the protests.

"We've had the same people in charge for 30 years," said Elie, a 40-year-old demonstrator walking in central Beirut on Sunday morning with a Lebanese flag.

Prime Minister Saad Hariri on Monday announced a package of economic reforms which aims to revive an economy that has been on the brink of collapse for months.

His coalition partners have supported the move and warned that a political vacuum in times of economic peril risked chaos.

But the protesters have accused the political elite of desperately attempting to save their jobs and have stuck to their demands for deep, systemic change.

In a now well-established routine, entire families of volunteers showed up early on the main protest sites Sunday to clean up after another night of protests and parties.

After dusk, the central Martyrs' Square in Beirut and other protest hubs in Lebanon -- including the relatively conservative city of Tripoli -- turn into a vast, open ground where protesters dance, sing or organise political meetings.

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