The global economy looks likely to avoid a relapse into recession, although the next six months may be anemic, with three main causes for concern.

Fears of Europe's festering debt troubles refuse to subside. Friday's U.S. employment data was a disappointment. And China's red-hot economy may be cooling a bit.

These all point to a looming economic slowdown, but it would probably take something more serious to trigger another all-out global slump.

No, this is not a sign we are about to double dip, said Ethan Harris, head of economics research at BofA Merrill Lynch Global Research. Double dips happen when there is a policy mistake, which we do not expect.

Policy mistakes would include raising interest rates or slashing government spending too soon. The European Central Bank and Bank of England both hold policy-setting meetings on Thursday and are widely expected to hold short-term borrowing costs steady at record lows.

Avoiding budget-induced mistakes may be more difficult, particularly for European countries under pressure to get their public finances on firmer footing or risk the wrath of debt-weary financial markets.

Greece, Portugal, Italy and others have announced deep budget cuts. Germany, whose finances are less strained than most of its neighbors, plans to start scaling back its crisis-fighting stimulus next year, a senior German official told Reuters.


For those fearful the U.S. economy is backsliding, Friday's employment report was downright frightful. The private sector managed to generate just 41,000 jobs in May, far short of the 190,000 that economists had expected.

Harm Bandholz, chief U.S. economist at UniCredit Research in New York, called the jobs data really terrible and predicted payrolls may shrink in June because temporary workers hired to help with a once-a-decade census will be out of work.

Ironically, the weak state of the labor market may help keep the U.S. economy out of another recession. Because companies have been reluctant to rehire or expand despite a growing economy, they have little need for further cutbacks even if demand falters.

The question right now is, what is the pace at which we enter the second half of the year? We have some signs of a slowdown, Bandholz said.

Perhaps the clearest warning signal comes from the Economic Cycle Research Institute, which publishes a weekly measure of future U.S. economic growth. Its latest reading slipped perilously close to zero, the lowest in 43 weeks.

I'm not a double-dip person, Nobel-winning economist Edmund Phelps told Reuters Insider. But there's always that danger when you are growing slowly that a little downdraft will catch you and pull you down quite a bit.

The number to watch this week is Friday's U.S. retail sales report. Economists predicted a modest 0.2 percent gain, slower than April's pace but still positive.


As for China, gauges of its manufacturing and services activity both dipped last week, raising concerns that its powerful recovery was losing momentum.

Considering China's economy grew at a nearly 12 percent clip in the first quarter and inflation has been uncomfortably high, a little cool-down is not entirely unwelcome.

China's economic indicators for May are due this week, and are likely to show a modest pickup in inflation but a decline in industrial output and investment.

Piero Ghezzi, an economist with Barclays Capital in London, said China has clamped down on monetary conditions to an extent that may have been underappreciated by investors in order to keep its economy from overheating.

We believe the risks of China facing a hard landing are extremely low, he said.

(Additional reporting by Rhonda Schaffler in New York; Editing by Kenneth Barry)