Citi's shares fell as low as $3.15, down 8.7 percent and equal to the offering price. They recovered slightly but still trailed other U.S. banks: the KBW Banks Index <.BKX> was down just 0.7 percent.
It's a disaster, said William Smith, chief executive officer of Smith Asset Management in New York.
The third-largest U.S. bank by assets sold $20 billion of stock and convertible bonds after the market closed on Wednesday, raising funds to repay a government bailout.
The offering priced 20 percent below Citi's $3.95 share price of last Friday, before the bank announced plans to repay the government, and almost 9 percent below $3.45, the closing price on Wednesday.
The U.S. Treasury will sell its stake in Citigroup for the best possible price within the next 12 months, after an initial 90-day lock-up period, said Herbert Allison, Treasury assistant secretary for financial stability, on Thursday.
The fact the government did not sell their stake was a sign there was really limited market appetite, said Nick Kalivas, vice president of financial research & senior equity index analyst at MF Global in Chicago. Now you have this government share sale hanging over the market, he added.
Citi was anxious to repay its multiple bailouts that had left the government with extraordinary say over the bank's operations, particularly executive compensation.
But one lawmaker, U.S. Rep. Elijah Cummings, a Maryland Democrat, questioned whether Citi should have been allowed to return the money, given its willingness to dilute shareholders to get out from under the pay rules.
If the market confidence in Citi is so low that the government refuses to unload its shares at a loss, are we still comfortable that the firm does not represent a systemic risk and thus should be let out of risk-reducing executive compensation restrictions? Cummings asked at a U.S. House Oversight and Government Reform subcommittee meeting.
WELLS, BANK OF AMERICA
Smith said Citi suffered by launching its offering after Wells Fargo & Co
Bank of America priced its offering at about a 5 percent discount to the previous day's close, two days after announcing the deal. Wells Fargo priced its offering at just 2 percent below the previous close, a day after announcing the deal.
Citi's management team, led by Chief Executive Vikram Pandit, should have moved faster after announcing the offering Monday morning, Smith said.
Citi management can be faulted for not moving quickly, but it was a large deal and was complicated by the government's involvement on several fronts, said Gary Townsend, chief executive of Hill-Townsend Capital. There were plenty of problems with this deal, he said.
Even after completing what it called the largest public equity offering in U.S. capital markets history, Citi could still have to pay between $175 million and $325 million to buy back warrants from the U.S. government, analysts at Morgan Stanley wrote on Thursday.
Spreads on Citi's 6.01 percent notes due in 2015 widened by 17 basis points to 299 basis points over Treasuries.
Normally, bondholders benefit when a company raises capital, but creditors are concerned that Citigroup may not yet be able to stand on its own, said Sean Egan, principal at Egan-Jones Ratings Co in Haverford, Pennsylvania.
Citi is also facing rising losses on mortgages and consumer loans as the recession wears on. The bank announced on Thursday it would suspend foreclosing on distressed homeowners over the holiday.
Citi shares traded at $3.20 at mid-afternoon, down 25 cents or 7.25 percent, on the New York Stock Exchange.
(Reporting by Elinor Comlay; Additional reporting by David Lawder, Leah Schnurr and Dena Aubin; Editing by Lisa Von Ahn, John Wallace and Matthew Lewis)