Nobel Prize-winning author Ernest Hemingway was born exactly 116 years ago on Tuesday. The author known for his terse, matter-of-fact prose was born July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois.

Hemingway -- who served as a volunteer ambulance driver for Italy on the front lines of World War I -- began his career as a journalist and eventually ventured into fiction, often addressing war in his writing. Hemingway also often wrote detailed descriptions of hunting, bull-fighting, fishing and eating/drinking. 

He wrote the classic novels "The Sun Also Rises," "A Farewell to Arms" and "For Whom the Bell Tolls," and later wrote the popular short story, "The Old Man and the Sea." Along with his successful novels, Hemingway also wrote a number of short stories that were well-received, such as "Hills Like White Elephants," "A Clean Well-Lighted Place," and a series about a character named Nick Adams. 

Hemingway, also known for his hard-drinking and bullish nature, was an adventurer who traveled about the world. He suffered in his later years from a number of injuries and mental health struggles. Hemingway took his own life in Ketchum, Idaho on July 2, 1961. 

His writing has remained popular, punctuated by simple sentences and a direct style often referenced and imitated. His story structure, in which he often added to the story through the omission of key details, has been praised, as well. Below are pictures of the writer and quotes from Hemingway on the anniversary of his birthday. The quotes, which were either spoken or written, were compiled from Brainy Quote and Goodreads.

RTXJ2TP Ernest Hemingway posed with fish that he caught in Wallon Lake in Michigan, 1916. Photo: Reuters

1. "Courage is grace under pressure."

2. "There is nothing to writing. All you do is sit down at a typewriter and bleed."

3. "There is no friend as loyal as a book."

4. "Always do sober what you said you'd do drunk. That will teach you to keep your mouth shut."

5. "All you have to do is write one true sentence. Write the truest sentence that you know."

6. "Every day is a new day. It is better to be lucky. But I would rather be exact. Then when luck comes you are ready."

7. "Courage is grace under pressure."

8. "If people bring so much courage to this world the world has to kill them to break them, so of course it kills them. The world breaks every one and afterward many are strong at the broken places. But those that will not break it kills. It kills the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially. If you are none of these you can be sure it will kill you too but there will be no special hurry."

9. "If a writer knows enough about what he is writing about, he may omit things that he knows. The dignity of movement of an iceberg is due to only one ninth of it being above water."

10. "Never confuse movement with action."

11. "Every man's life ends the same way. It is only the details of how he lived and how he died that distinguish one man from another."

12. “There's no one thing that's true. It's all true.”

13. "Happiness in intelligent people is the rarest thing I know."

14. "But man is not made for defeat. A man can be destroyed but not defeated."