From Rags To Riches: China's Military At 85

on August 01 2012 5:58 PM
  • helmet and bazooka
    Chinese soldier www.picturechina.com.cn
  • future warrior
    Chinese soldier Chinese Ministry of Defense
  • chinese soldiers
    political classes www.picturechina.com.cn
  • PLA into Beijing
    PLA into Beijing Xinhua
  • foreign soldiers
    foreign soldiers Chinese Ministry of Defense
  • PLA banquet
    PLA birthday party Chinese Ministry of Defense
  • cultural revolution pla
    military propaganda poster www.globalsecurity.org
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    Chinese aircraft www.aviationintel.com
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    Chinese stealth plane Air Power Australia
  • chinese navy
    cold war coastal defense www.picturechina.com.cn
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    Chinese carrier Xinhua
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The People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China is 85 years old today.

From a tiny force of 20,000 -- which rose up on August 1, 1927 in defiance against China's then Republican - Nationalist government crackdown on Communist elements -- China's unabashedly Communist military is now the world's largest, with 2.2 million active-duty personnel.

Its navy and air force, nearly non-existent before 1950, now ranks among the world's largest -- though the PLA Navy doesn't yet outweigh the U.S. Navy in total tonnage and the air force remains smaller in total size than the U.S.' and Russia's.

Over the past 30 years, as China modernized to become more economically open and competitive, resources flowed towards military modernization, changing a land and mass-infantry dominated force increasingly into one fixated on the seas, air, and cyberspace.

It has also shown through reverse engineering and autonomous innovation that it can build sophisticated weapon systems to rival those produced in the West.

And unlike during the Cold War when the PLA dedicated itself to border defense and preparations for confronting either a possible American or (later) Soviet invasion, it is now looking overseas: Chinese warships patrol waters off the coast of Somalia, providing protection for international vessels transiting through the area.

In the early 1950s the PLA fought United States and United Nations troops to a bloody standstill on the Korean Peninsula. Today, increasingly large numbers of Chinese troops are serving with the UN (in non-combat peacekeeping roles), in the Middle East and Africa.

So it seems that while it's raising the hairs on the necks of the defense community in Washington, Tokyo, Manila, New Delhi, Moscow, and Hanoi, the octogenarian PLA is exerting more of an impact on the rest of the world than ever before.

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