South Korea's top technology university has developed a plan to
power electric cars through recharging strips embedded in roadways that
use a technology to transfer energy found in some electric toothbrushes.
The plan, still in the experimental stage, calls for placing power
strips about 20 cm (8 inches) to 90 cm (35 inches) wide and perhaps
several hundred meters long built into the top of roads.
Vehicles with sensor-driven magnetic devices on their underside can
suck up energy as they travel over the strips without coming into
If we place these strips on about 10 percent of roadways in a city,
we could power electric vehicles, said Cho Dong-ho, the manager of the
online electric vehicle plan at the Korea Advanced Institute of
Science and Technology.
The university has built a prototype at its campus in Daejeon, about
140 km (90 miles) south of Seoul, for electric-powered golf carts and
is working on designs that would power cars and buses.
The system that can charge several vehicles at once would allow
electric cars and buses to cut down on their battery sizes or extend
The non-contact transfer of electricity, also called inductive
charging, works by magnets and cables on the underside of the vehicle
making a connection with the current in the recharging strip to receive
power as they travel over it.
It is employed in some brands of electric toothbrushes that are
sealed and water resistant, which do not need to be plugged into
anything but use a magnetic connection to receive energy while resting
in a cradle.
The recharging strips, which are attached to small electrical
stations, would be laid in places such as bus lanes and the roads
running up to intersections so that vehicles could power up where
traffic slows down, Cho said.
The system will be tested later this year for use in the bus systems
of Seoul and other South Korea cities while some of the country's
automakers are also cooperating in the project.
Unlike electric lines used for trams, vehicles do not need to be in
constant contact with the strips and a person can touch the lines
without receiving a shock.
The system so far has proven safe to humans and machinery, Cho said.
The cost of installing the system is an estimated 400 million won ($318,000) per kilometer of road. Electricity is extra.