Sumitomo Trust and Banking Co Ltd and Chuo Mitsui Trust Holdings Inc said they plan to merge, creating Japan's largest trust bank with scale to better compete in a crowded asset management industry.
Sumitomo Trust, Japan's fifth-largest bank, and sixth-ranked Chuo Mitsui said they planned to exchange shares on April 1, 2011 and form a holding company. They aim to complete the merger by April 2012, the two firms said in a release.
A merger ratio will be decided at a later date.
The combined company would have 58 trillion yen ($640 billion) in assets under management, including corporate pension funds and investments, making it Japan's largest asset management group.
Analysts have long warned that Japan -- which is home to a rapidly ageing population and a vast network of lenders -- has too many banks and needs further industry consolidation.
The market is oversupplied. There are six major trust banks and quite a few smaller ones, said Neil Katkov, senior vice president at Celent, a financial consultancy.
Unlike traditional lenders, trust banks also focus on asset management, real-estate finance and custodian banking, which is the servicing of client assets.
Japan's trust banks don't have the size or expertise to compete globally with custodians such as State Street Corp and Bank of New York Mellon, and also face pressure from the major domestic lenders at home, Katkov said.
The merger could strengthen the combined bank's franchise and improve long-term profitability, Fitch Ratings said in a research note last week, when media reports of the merger surfaced.
The new bank would have the largest market share of pension funds and real-estate trusts among Japanese trust banks, Fitch said.
EYES ON ASSETS
Analysts have also worried about Sumitomo Trust's exposure to struggling consumer finance firm Aiful Corp, which in September asked creditors for permission to delay repayments on $3 billion in debt.
Sumitomo Trust has 90.8 billion yen in outstanding loans to Aiful.
Sumitomo Trust last month bought Citigroup's Japanese asset manager Nikko Asset Management for $1.2 billion as it attempts to increase its retail business.
Japan has an estimated $15 trillion in household savings, which both domestic and overseas asset managers are keen to target. In addition to local banks, Europe's HSBC and Standard Chartered have been looking to expand their presence in the market.
As part of the merger, Sumitomo Trust and Chuo Mitsui will close a quarter of their branches, or 29 of their 118 offices, the Nikkei business daily reported earlier on Friday.
Chuo Mitsui is about 30 percent owned by the government, which injected money as part of a bailout a decade ago.
Shares of Chuo Mitsui finished down 2.2 percent, while Sumitomo Trust fell 0.8 percent. Tokyo's index of banking stocks .IBNKS.T closed 0.6 percent lower.
(Reporting by David Dolan; Editing by Chris Gallagher)