20210112_Vaccine_Production_IBTimes_R Estimated coronavirus vaccine production capabilities in 2020 and 2021 by country (in billion doses) Photo: Statista/IBT

According to data analytics company Airfinity, the U.S. has the capability to produce almost 4.7 billion COVID-19 vaccine doses up until the end of 2021. According to the findings published by Deutsche Welle, India also has a high capability to produce the vaccine at more than 3 billion possible doses.

The latter country is also home to the largest vaccine manufacturer in the world, the Serum Institute of India. The company produces almost 1.4 billion doses annually, according to 2015 figures which are the latest available. In comparison, the same report by the Access to Medicine Foundation showed that Sanofi produced 1 billion vaccine doses that same year while GlaxoSmithKline made almost 700 million. Pfizer kept their numbers confidential. Despite the high number of doses, the Serum Institute earned far less with their vaccines due to the fact that most of them are sold at a low price domestically. In 2015, the company had revenues of just approximately $566 billion, while Sanofi and Pfizer made between 35 and almost 50 billion, respectively.

According to Deutsche Welle, AstraZeneca plans to produce 1 billion doses of the so-called “University of Oxford” vaccine – a cheap and easy to store variety – at Serum Institute facilities in India. A second domestically made vaccine, Covaxin, has also been approved already in the country despite stage III trials still underway and efficacy number not having been published.