Nikkei 225 (日経平均株価, Nikkei heikin kabuka?, 日経225) is a stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE). It has been calculated daily by the Nihon Keizai Shimbun (Nikkei) newspaper since 1950. It is a price-weighted average (the unit is yen), and the components are reviewed once a year. Currently, the Nikkei is the most widely quoted average of Japanese equities, similar to the Dow Jones Industrial Average. In fact, it was known as the "Nikkei Dow Jones Stock Average" from 1975 to 1985.

The Nikkei 225 began to be calculated on September 7, 1950, retroactively calculated back to May 16, 1949.

The Nikkei 225 Futures, introduced at Singapore Exchange (SGX) in 1986, the Osaka Securities Exchange (OSE) in 1988, Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) in 1990, is now an internationally recognized futures index.

The Nikkei average hit its all-time high on December 29, 1989, during the peak of the Japanese asset price bubble, when it reached an intra-day high of 38,957.44 before closing at 38,915.87. Its high for the 21st century stands just above 18,300 points.


Asian Stocks Open Tuesday Lower

Investors in Japan are watching the national budget, expected to be approved by the Parliament later Tuesday, while global investors watch for cues from the U.S. Federal Reserve.

Asian, European Stocks Retreat

World markets were widely down Thursday following a dent in a two-month rally in crude oil prices and a surge in the U.S. dollar.



European Markets Rise After Asian Rally

Investors are awaiting several policy meetings by major central banks around the world this week — looking for insight into the overall state of the economy.