People stand with flags around parked trucks as protests against coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine mandates continue, in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, February 14, 2022.
People stand with flags around parked trucks as protests against coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine mandates continue, in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, February 14, 2022. Reuters / CHRIS HELGREN

Police warned protesters occupying central Ottawa of "imminent" action to clear them from the capital and began making some arrests on Thursday to end a crisis that Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau warned was threatening public safety.

Truckers opposing coronavirus mandates have blocked roads in downtown Ottawa for nearly three weeks, the centerpiece of a movement that has inspired anti-government protests in other countries and temporarily shut border crossings with the United States.

Threats of fines and jail helped convince protesters to retreat this week from four U.S. border points. Police have issued similar warnings in Ottawa, where interim Police Chief Steve Bell said they were committed to driving protesters out.

"We've been bolstering our resources, developing clear plans and preparing to take action. The action is imminent," Bell told reporters. "To those engaged in the unlawful protests - if you want to leave under your own terms, now is the time to do it."

Police were seen arresting several protesters on Thursday evening, including two of the main fundraisers and organizers, Chris Barber and Tamara Lich.

Officers handcuffed Barber and placed him in the back of a police vehicle, a video posted to the organizers' Facebook page showed. Later they arrested Lich, a video on the organizers' Twitter page showed.

"Hold the line," she is heard saying as she was escorted away.

There was no immediate police comment.

The arrests marked an escalation of police activity that has drawn the defiance of protesters, who honked their horns in unison earlier on Thursday in violation of a court order. Others shrugged off the warnings and soaked in a portable hot tub set up near a door to parliament.

"I ain't going anywhere," said Pat King, one of the organizers of the protest. "I haven't overstayed my welcome. My taxes paid for me to be here."

Police said they would restrict access to downtown Ottawa and that officers had begun erecting barriers around government buildings. They have also distributed leaflets warning truck drivers and others of "severe penalties".

While officers have not physically removed people, the increased police presence has demonstrators bracing for action and urging one another to remain calm.

"If the police escalate, we're not going to escalate," said Chris Dacey, who says he has been at the protests every day since they started on Jan. 28. "We're not going to respond to any type of aggression ... We're here (until) the prime minister talks to us."

Heavy snow began falling on Thursday evening and up to 12 inches (30 cm) could accumulate by Friday morning, Environment Canada said.


Some 400 vehicles are parked outside parliament and the prime minister's office, paralyzing downtown. Calling the blockades a threat to democracy, Trudeau invoked emergency measures on Monday giving his government temporary powers to clamp down.

"The blockades and occupations are illegal. They're a threat to our economy, the relationship with trading partners, they're a threat to supply chains and the availability of essential goods like food and medicine. They're a threat to public safety," Trudeau said on Thursday.

The demonstrators initially protested against cross-border COVID-19 vaccine mandates for truckers and other restrictions. But they have made clear their opposition to Trudeau and some say they want to see him forced from office.

Canadian officials have warned of extremist elements among demonstrators who they say want to overthrow the government. But Trudeau toned down his rhetoric in remarks to lawmakers on Thursday.

"Canadians continue to have the right to free expression, the right to protest peacefully, but occupying the downtown of our major cities, protesting and blocking border crossings is unacceptable," he said.

In an open letter to politicians, the organizers of the self-styled "Freedom Convoy" told Trudeau's government: "End the mandates, end the vaccine passports. This is why we are here."

Protesters had earlier blocked Ontario's Ambassador Bridge to Detroit, a vital trade route that is North America's busiest land border crossing. Before being cleared on Sunday, the bridge blockade had damaged U.S.-Canada trade.

"(The) kind of conduct that we have seen at our borders puts into serious question the integrity and the security of this country," Public Safety Minister Marco Mendicino told the House of Commons.

Police in Windsor, Ontario, said they had foiled a suspected attempt to re-establish barriers near the bridge this week. And in Ottawa, authorities have received reinforcements from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, with more officers expected.

One Ottawa protester predicted demonstrations would continue even if police tried to clear them out and make arrests.

"I imagine most people are going to kneel down and stay peaceful," said Sean, who declined to give his last name. "Nobody's going to fight, nobody's going to get violent if they need to be arrested."