Land Use Regulation
These public urban policies are found in most cities around the world and regulate how private land is used. They include zoning laws, housing, and lot sizes.
Land-Use Regulation Details
Simply put, land-use regulations refer to public policies that govern how private landowners and developers can use their land. These regulations, also identified as zoning regulations, are usually enforced by local governments. This governance's main purpose is to regulate and control the developments that can be carried out on private land.
Thanks to land-use regulations, urban planning is better streamlined in major cities across the country. Additionally, the types of housing and developments that can be put up are under strict planning rules. While this eventuality has led to better planning and aesthetics in cities and housing developments, it has also led to several problems.
One of the most common problems of land-use regulations is the increase in housing costs. While the intentions of these zoning regulations are good, the outcome is often fewer lower-income housing options. This is thanks to stringent rules around the buildings, environmental conservation efforts, and aesthetic goals
Example of Land-Use Regulation
There are many different examples when you consider land-use regulation. However, one of the most common is residential land rules. This regulation is for land set aside for residential use only. If for instance, you own a lot in the city or town you dwell in, you should find out what use it can legally be put to. Before making any development on that piece of land, find out what kind of restrictions exist.
Residential land use restrictions mean that the lot you own can only be used to put up a residential house. In fact, if you were to investigate further by visiting relevant local authority body offices, you could find that you're only allowed to build a certain design. Some areas of the town you are in might only allow you to build a single house rather than a block of flats.
Additionally, residential land-use restrictions can also include the kind of animals you can keep, usually household pets like cats and dogs. Nevertheless, if your lot is further out of town, you may fall under the category of farmland. This could allow you to keep farm animals like cows, chickens, horses, and so on.
Significance of Land-Use Regulation
What is the significance of zoning laws or land-use regulation, especially in an urban setting? It's evident that these rules are well-intentioned but have both good and bad outcomes. These are some of the top consequences of this governance tool, especially in building construction:
Increase in the Aesthetic Appeal of Different Zones
Some of the rules that govern land use include strict guidelines on what kind of buildings you can put up. Furthermore, spacing between the buildings, the size of the housing you want to build, and the design are all included in these rules. By paying attention to these specifics, uniformity is achieved and the area looks beautiful and well-maintained.
Preservation of the Environment
In some parts of the city or town you live in, there may be restrictions on how much you can interfere with the environment. Cutting down trees may be prohibited and planting certain species of plants may also not be allowed. This helps to maintain the environment in its original state as much as possible.
Increased Housing Costs
Land-use regulations have been known to increase housing costs. This is usually brought about by factors such as housing density restrictions which restrict high-rise buildings. Since the supply of housing is less — especially if you aren't allowed to build apartments — the demand goes higher and so does the price.
You may find that some zoning regulations will limit you to certain building designs that could be more expensive. Additionally, the building materials that you're allowed to use may also be quite expensive, pushing up the price of your home or building. Before you can get your building permit, you may have to jump through many extra hoops, making the process of developing your land quite costly.