is the largest country in Latin America. It spreads across almost half
(47.3%) of South America, and occupies a total area of 8,547,403.5 km2.
It is the fifth largest country in the world after Canada, the Russian
Federation, China and the United States. Except for a small number of
islands, Brazil is a single and continuous land mass. The Equator
passes through the northern region, near Macapá, and the Tropic of
Capricorn cuts through the south of the country, near São Paulo.
Brazil’s east to west extension (4,319.4 km) is almost equivalent to
its north to south distance (4,394.7 km). The country borders French
Guiana, Suriname, Guiana, Venezuela and Colombia, to the north; Uruguay
and Argentina, to the south; and Paraguay, Bolivia and Peru, to the
west. Ecuador and Chile are the only two countries on the South
American continent that do not border Brazil. The Atlantic Ocean
extends along the country’s entire eastern coast, providing 7,367 km of
official language is Portuguese; however, the accent and the intonation
are very different from what one hears in Portugal and other former
Portuguese colonies. Some people say that Brazilians speak “Brazilian”,
just like Americans can say they speak “American”, and not English. And
there are also many Brazilians who are descendants of immigrants and
who speak German and Italian, especially in cities in southern Brazil.
Brazil – a country that greets visitors with a huge smile
mix of races has made Brazil a culturally rich and at the same time
unique country. This miscegenation began with the Indian, the African
and the Portuguese, but in a short time, immigrants from around the
world began to arrive: Europeans, Asians, Jews and Arabs. The result
was a happy people, open to everything new, a people only found in
Because of this tremendous diversity, Brazil is one of
the last places on earth where no one is a foreigner, where one can
change one’s destiny without losing one’s identity and where each and
every Brazilian has a little of the entire world in his or her blood.
This may be the reason the Brazilian receives anyone from another land
so well. According to surveys carried out with foreign tourists who
visited the country, 97.2% intend to return soon; 56.5% had their
expectations completely satisfied; and, for 31.7%, their expectations
were completely exceeded. As you can see, those who come to Brazil
become fans on the first visit.
Find out more about Brazil by
navigating through our site. Or better yet: visit the country in person
and feel for yourself the happiness and enthusiasm of our people.
has been a republic since 1889. Throughout this entire period, the
country actually lived little more than thirty years of democracy
(1946-1964 and from 1985 to the present). Nevertheless, it is one of
the most democratic nations on earth. Brazilian democracy, which was
won back after 21 years of a military dictatorship, proved to be
vigorous and became an important part of the life of its people.
National Congress has been operating like clockwork for 175 years. In
the entire history of the country, only on three occasions did the
elected representatives not complete their terms. The strength of the
Congress is actually so great that not even the military dictatorship
of the 1960s could do without it. There have been national elections in
Brazil since 1823. And these elections have been open to voters in a
manner almost unheard of even for European democracy standards.
Visas and Passports
and visitors from Mercosul countries do not need to present passports.
They merely need to show their ID cards. Visitors from other countries
must present a passport that is valid for the next six months. For
further information on Visas and necessary documentation, access:
www.mre.gov.br or www.braziltour.com.
Electricity voltages vary from one state to another. Check the voltage before connecting any electrical appliance to an outlet.
the well know car hire firms have counters at the country’s main
airports and in the main urban centers. Tourists may also book cars
through their travel agencies.
tourist may opt to take an ordinary taxi easily found in the streets or
through radio taxi services. It is recommended that accredited taxi
services at the airports and at points nearby the main hotels be given
priority. It is not usual in Brazil to tip a taxi driver although it is
common to round off the amount and let the driver keep the change as a
Most bars and restaurants
include a service charge of 10% in the Bill. It is usual to leave a
little extra if the service has been satisfactory. When no service
charge has been included then a tip of 10% to 15% is the general rule.
Brazilian currency unit is the Real ($R). Dollars and Travelers Checks
can easily be changed in hotels, banks or travel agencies. Most
establishments accept credit cards.
make an international call, dial: 00 + operator code* + country code +
area code (if there is one) + telephone number For reverse charge
international calls dial 0800 7032111.
Brasil Telecom 14
The national language is Portuguese but it is a little different from the Portuguese spoken in Portugal
climate is predominantly tropical with some variation according to the
region. The average annual temperature in the north is 28º C and 22º C
in the south.
Because of its
continental dimensions Brazil has 4 time zones. The official time is
Brasília time and it corresponds to 3 hours less than GMT. From
September to February the clocks are put forward one hour in most