The White House confirmed on Tuesday that Obama would meet the exiled Tibetan Buddhist leader reviled by Beijing as a separatist for seeking self-rule for his mountain homeland.
China's angry response reflected deepening tension between the world's biggest and third-biggest economies, with Beijing noting that President Hu Jintao himself urged Obama not to meet the exiled Tibetan leader.
Ma Zhaoxu, a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman, said his government resolutely opposes the leader of the United States having contact with the Dalai under any pretext or in any form.
During Hu's summit with Obama in Beijing last November, the Chinese leader explained China's stern position of resolutely opposing any government leaders and officials meeting the Dalai, said Ma.
We urge the U.S. to fully grasp the high sensitivity of the Tibetan issues, to prudently and appropriately deal with related matters, and avoid bringing further damage to China-U.S. relations, said Ma.
China's ire at the White House announcement was predictable, as was the White House's confirmation of the meeting, which has long been flagged.
But the flare-up comes soon after Beijing lashed Washington over a $6.4 billion U.S. weapons package for Taiwan, the self-ruled island that Beijing deems an illegitimate breakaway province.
It also comes during Sino-U.S. tensions over the value of China's currency, trade protectionism and Internet freedoms.
BEIJING GETS PUSHY
Beijing has become increasingly assertive about opposing the Dalai Lama's meetings with foreign leaders, and the issue is a volatile theme among patriotic Chinese, who see Western criticism of Chinese policy in Tibet as meddling.
Protests over Chinese rule in Tibet that upset the London and Paris legs of the torch relay for the 2008 Beijing Olympics drew angry counter-protests by Chinese abroad and demonstrations in China urging boycotts of French goods.
When French President Nicolas Sarkozy would not pull out of meeting the Dalai Lama while his country held the rotating presidency of the European Union in late 2008, China canceled a summit with the EU and there were Chinese calls for boycotts of French goods.
On Tuesday, a Chinese Communist Party official said any meeting between Obama and the Dalai Lama would seriously undermine the political basis of Sino-U.S. relations.
The Dalai Lama fled Tibet in 1959 after a failed uprising against Chinese Communist Party forces who entered the region from 1950. He says he wants true autonomy for Tibet under Chinese sovereignty, but Beijing says his demands amount to seeking outright independence.
Previous U.S. presidents, including Obama's predecessor George W. Bush, have met the Dalai Lama, drawing angry words from Beijing but no substantive reprisals.
China's latest statement did not mention any specific retaliation over Obama's planned meeting.
I think it indicates their nervousness in the issue of Tibet ... the wider world recognizing that there is problem in Tibet and China should do something about it, said Thubten Samphel, spokesman of the Tibetan government-in-exile based in Dharamsala, northern India.
The White House shrugged off Beijing's earlier warnings about the meeting, which may happen as early as this month.
The president told China's leaders during his trip last year that he would meet with the Dalai Lama and he intends to do so, White House spokesman Bill Burton told reporters.
We expect that our relationship with China is mature enough where we can work on areas of mutual concern such as climate, the global economy and non-proliferation and discuss frankly and candidly those areas where we disagree.
The United States says it accepts that Tibet is a part of China and wants Beijing to open up dialogue with the Dalai Lama about the future of the region.
But a Chinese foreign policy analyst said the response from Beijing, increasingly assertive on what it sees as core concerns, would be tougher than Washington anticipates.
China wants to change the rules of the game, Yuan Peng, head of US studies at the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, told the Global Times, a Chinese newspaper.
Though the U.S. has previously sold weapons to Taiwan and met the Dalai Lama, and we've then railed at the United States, this time there'll be true cursing and retaliation.
(Additional reporting by Reuters Television in Dharamsala; Editing by Nick Macfie)