In yet another sign of China’s rise, Chinese delegates are now invited to the super-secret and super-elite Bilderberg Conference in 2011.
The two Chinese attendees of the conference were Ying Fu (Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs) and Huang Yiping (Professor at Beijing University).
Ying, an ethnic Mongol, is an influential player in China’s foreign policy. She was previously the ambassador to the UK and to Australia.
Huang is a professor at Peking University (China’s Harvard) who has a visible profile in the West. Ahead of last year’s G20 Summit, he famously warned the US back off calls for China to revalue the yuan.
Besides China, Russia and Turkey were the two emerging market countries that were represented. Bilderberg, true to its origins as a club to promote Atlanticism, was dominated by Americans and Europeans.
Europe was grossly overrepresented there. Finland, the 36th largest economy in the world, had four delegates. Greece, the nearly bankrupt southern European country, also had four delegates.
Countries represented at the conference are Belgium, Germany, UK, US, Finland, Portugal, France, Italy, Sweden, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Canada, Spain, Turkey, Greece, Denmark, China, Ireland, Russia, and Norway.
The Bilderberg Conference is a meeting of the West’s elites. Although no official policy is decided there, the discussions that take place sets the tone for many issues once the delegates leave the meeting.
One of the perennial attendees of the conference is Henry Kissinger.
The official agenda of Bilderberg 2011, which Kissinger attended, was the following:
Challenges for Growth: Innovation and Budgetary Discipline, the Euro and Challenges for the European Union, the role of Emerging Economies, Social Networks: Connectivity and Security Issues, New Challenges in the Middle East, Conflict Areas, Demographic Challenges, China, Switzerland: Can it remain successful in the future?
Below is the full list of the attendees:
BEL Davignon, Etienne Minister of State
DEU Ackermann, Josef Chairman of the Management Board and the Group Executive Committee, Deutsche Bank AG
GBR Agius, Marcus Chairman, Barclays PLC
USA Alexander, Keith B. Commander, USCYBERCOM; Director, National Security Agency
INT Almunia, Joaquín Vice President, European Commission; Commissioner for Competition
USA Altman, Roger C. Chairman, Evercore Partners Inc.
FIN Apunen, Matti Director, Finnish Business and Policy Forum EVA
PRT Balsemão, Francisco Pinto Chairman and CEO, IMPRESA, S.G.P.S.; Former Prime Minister
FRA Baverez, Nicolas Partner, Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP
FRA Bazire, Nicolas Managing Director, Groupe Arnault /LVMH
ITA Bernabè, Franco CEO, Telecom Italia SpA
USA Bezos, Jeff Founder and CEO, Amazon.com
SWE Bildt, Carl Minister of Foreign Affairs
SWE Björling, Ewa Minister for Trade
NLD Bolland, Marc J. Chief Executive, Marks and Spencer Group plc
CHE Brabeck-Letmathe, Peter Chairman, Nestlé S.A.
AUT Bronner, Oscar CEO and Publisher, Standard Medien AG
CAN Carney, Mark J. Governor, Bank of Canada
FRA Castries, Henri de Chairman and CEO, AXA
ESP Cebrián, Juan Luis CEO, PRISA
NLD Chavannes, Marc E. Political Columnist, NRC Handelsblad; Professor of Journalism, University of Groningen
TUR Ciliv, Süreyya CEO, Turkcell Iletisim Hizmetleri A.S.
CAN Clark, Edmund President and CEO, TD Bank Financial Group
BEL Coene, Luc Governor, National Bank of Belgium
USA Collins, Timothy C. CEO, Ripplewood Holdings, LLC
ESP Cospedal, María Dolores de Secretary General, Partido Popular
INT Daele, Frans van Chief of Staff to the President of the European Council
GRC David, George A. Chairman, Coca-Cola H.B.C. S.A.
DNK Eldrup, Anders CEO, DONG Energy
ITA Elkann, John Chairman, Fiat S.p.A.
DEU Enders, Thomas CEO, Airbus SAS
AUT Faymann, Werner Federal Chancellor
DNK Federspiel, Ulrik Vice President, Global Affairs, Haldor Topsøe A/S
USA Feldstein, Martin S. George F. Baker Professor of Economics, Harvard University
PRT Ferreira Alves, Clara CEO, Claref LDA; writer
GBR Flint, Douglas J. Group Chairman, HSBC Holdings plc
CHN Fu, Ying Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs
IRL Gallagher, Paul Senior Counsel; Former Attorney General
CHE Groth, Hans Senior Director, Healthcare Policy & Market Access, Oncology Business Unit, Pfizer Europe
TUR Gülek Domac, Tayyibe Former Minister of State
NLD Halberstadt, Victor Professor of Economics, Leiden University; Former Honorary Secretary General of Bilderberg Meetings
GRC Hardouvelis, Gikas A. Chief Economist and Head of Research, Eurobank EFG
USA Hoffman, Reid Co-founder and Executive Chairman, LinkedIn
CHN Huang, Yiping Professor of Economics, China Center for Economic Research, Peking University
USA Hughes, Chris R. Co-founder, Facebook
USA Jacobs, Kenneth M. Chairman & CEO, Lazard
CHE Janom Steiner, Barbara Head of the Department of Justice, Security and Health, Canton Grisons
FIN Johansson, Ole Chairman, Confederation of the Finnish Industries EK
USA Johnson, James A. Vice Chairman, Perseus, LLC
USA Jordan, Jr., Vernon E. Senior Managing Director, Lazard Frères & Co. LLC
USA Keane, John M. Senior Partner, SCP Partners; General, US Army, Retired
GBR Kerr, John Member, House of Lords; Deputy Chairman, Royal Dutch Shell plc
USA Kissinger, Henry A. Chairman, Kissinger Associates, Inc.
USA Kleinfeld, Klaus Chairman and CEO, Alcoa
TUR Koç, Mustafa V. Chairman, Koç Holding A.S.
USA Kravis, Henry R. Co-Chairman and co-CEO, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co.
USA Kravis, Marie-Josée Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute, Inc.
INT Kroes, Neelie Vice President, European Commission; Commissioner for Digital Agenda
CHE Kudelski, André Chairman and CEO, Kudelski Group SA
GBR Lambert, Richard Independent Non-Executive Director, Ernst & Young
INT Lamy, Pascal Director General, World Trade Organization
ESP León Gross, Bernardino Secretary General of the Spanish Presidency
CHE Leuthard, Doris Federal Councillor
FRA Lévy, Maurice Chairman and CEO, Publicis Groupe S.A.
BEL Leysen, Thomas Chairman, Umicore
USA Li, Cheng Senior Fellow and Director of Research, John L. Thornton China Center, Brookings Institution
DEU Löscher, Peter President and CEO, Siemens AG
GBR Mandelson, Peter Member, House of Lords; Chairman, Global Counsel
IRL McDowell, Michael Senior Counsel, Law Library; Former Deputy Prime Minister
CAN McKenna, Frank Deputy Chair, TD Bank Financial Group
GBR Micklethwait, John Editor-in-Chief, The Economist
FRA Montbrial, Thierry de President, French Institute for International Relations
ITA Monti, Mario President, Universita Commerciale Luigi Bocconi
RUS Mordashov, Alexey A. CEO, Severstal
USA Mundie, Craig J. Chief Research and Strategy Officer, Microsoft Corporation
NOR Myklebust, Egil Former Chairman of the Board of Directors SAS, Norsk Hydro ASA
DEU Nass, Matthias Chief International Correspondent, Die Zeit
NLD Netherlands, H.M. the Queen of the
ESP Nin Génova, Juan María President and CEO, La Caixa
PRT Nogueira Leite, António Member of the Board, José de Mello Investimentos, SGPS, SA
NOR Norway, H.R.H. Crown Prince Haakon of
FIN Ollila, Jorma Chairman, Royal Dutch Shell plc
CAN Orbinksi, James Professor of Medicine and Political Science, University of Toronto
USA Orszag, Peter R. Vice Chairman, Citigroup Global Markets, Inc.
GBR Osborne, George Chancellor of the Exchequer
NOR Ottersen, Ole Petter Rector, University of Oslo
GRC Papaconstantinou, George Minister of Finance
TUR Pekin, ?efika Founding Partner, Pekin & Bayar Law Firm
FIN Pentikäinen, Mikael Publisher and Senior Editor-in-Chief, Helsingin Sanomat
USA Perle, Richard N. Resident Fellow, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research
CAN Prichard, J. Robert S. Chair, Torys LLP
CAN Reisman, Heather Chair and CEO, Indigo Books & Music Inc.
USA Rockefeller, David Former Chairman, Chase Manhattan Bank
INT Rompuy, Herman van President, European Council
USA Rose, Charlie Executive Editor and Anchor, Charlie Rose
NLD Rosenthal, Uri Minister of Foreign Affairs
AUT Rothensteiner, Walter Chairman of the Board, Raiffeisen Zentralbank Österreich AG
FRA Roy, Olivier Professor of Social and Political Theory, European University Institute
USA Rubin, Robert E. Co-Chairman, Council on Foreign Relations; Former Secretary of the Treasury
ITA Scaroni, Paolo CEO, Eni S.p.A.
CHE Schmid, Martin President, Government of the Canton Grisons
USA Schmidt, Eric Executive Chairman, Google Inc.
AUT Scholten, Rudolf Member of the Board of Executive Directors, Oesterreichische Kontrollbank AG
DNK Schütze, Peter Member of the Executive Management, Nordea Bank AB
CHE Schweiger, Rolf Member of the Swiss Council of States
INT Sheeran, Josette Executive Director, United Nations World Food Programme
CHE Soiron, Rolf Chairman of the Board, Holcim Ltd., Lonza Ltd.
INT Solana Madariaga, Javier President, ESADEgeo Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics
NOR Solberg, Erna Leader of the Conservative Party
ESP Spain, H.M. the Queen of
USA Steinberg, James B. Deputy Secretary of State
DEU Steinbrück, Peer Member of the Bundestag; Former Minister of Finance
GBR Stewart, Rory Member of Parliament
IRL Sutherland, Peter D. Chairman, Goldman Sachs International
GBR Taylor, J. Martin Chairman, Syngenta International AG
USA Thiel, Peter A. President, Clarium Capital Management, LLC
ITA Tremonti, Giulio Minister of Economy and Finance
INT Trichet, Jean-Claude President, European Central Bank
GRC Tsoukalis, Loukas President, ELIAMEP
USA Varney, Christine A. Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust
CHE Vasella, Daniel L. Chairman, Novartis AG
USA Vaupel, James W. Founding Director, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
SWE Wallenberg, Jacob Chairman, Investor AB
USA Warsh, Kevin Former Governor, Federal Reserve Board
NLD Winter, Jaap W. Partner, De Brauw Blackstone Westbroek
CHE Witmer, Jürg Chairman, Givaudan SA and Clariant AG
USA Wolfensohn, James D. Chairman, Wolfensohn & Company, LLC
INT Zoellick, Robert B. President, The World Bank Group
GBR Bredow, Vendeline von Business Correspondent, The Economist
GBR Wooldridge, Adrian D. Foreign Correspondent, The Economist