IBM the harbinger officially unveils the top five innovations that will change the world, with a potential Mark Zuckerberg arising from any of its Next Five in Five list.
IBM's list of five game-changer innovations under the rubric Next Five in Five includes communication with friends on 3D, batteries powered by air to run devices, personalized commuting, computers meeting energy needs of cities and regular citizens empowered by sensor technology will gather information to save the environment.
The Next Five in Five list was collated by analyzing social and market trends and currently pursued innovations worked out in IBM Labs that could make these technologies a reality.
The technologies are bound to change the way people react with their surroundings in the next five years.
IBM's projection suggests that in the next five years users will be able to interact with each other in real time with 3D holograms. The premise is based on the fact that 3D cameras will become more sophisticated and miniaturized to fit into cell phones. It states that currently Scientists are working to improve video chat to become holography chat - or '3-D telepresence'. The technique uses a light beam scattered from objects and reconstructs a picture of that object, a similar technique to the one human eyes use to visualize our surroundings.
Recently, Apple was accorded a patent that relates to a technology allowing multiple users to view 3D images on a screen, sans a 3D glass. The project is titled Three-dimensional display system that ascertains the position of a viewer and determines the left and right eye locations, and then uses the information to navigate the pixels to a particular spot on screen which reflects it back to respective left and right eye locations.
The report also states 3D technology will allow more content to created and converted in 3D, rather than just interaction with friends, as web becomes more adaptable at syncing data across a spectrum of devices and interfaces.
IBM is also working on technology that would allow engineers to step inside designs of everything from buildings to software programs, running simulations of how diseases spread across an interactive 3-D globe, and visualizing trends happening around the world on Twitter - all in real time and with little to no distortion.
Batteries will use air to power devices:
The report suggests that future batteries will be ten times more efficient than the current owing to development of transistors and battery technology. Batteries will use air to react with energy-dense metal to generate power.
IBM is in process of developing transistors which consumes less than 0.5 volts which will altogether eliminate the use of batteries in mobile phones and e-readers. It cited the example of certain wrist watches that currently generate power from the movement of the hand.
Citizens will replace scientists to save the environment
Sensor technology used in mobiles, cars, wallets and tweets will collect information from our surroundings giving scientists real-time information about our environment, thus empowering citizens to generate huge data for research.
It cites that a laptop networked with other computers can give first hand information of any seismic activity such as earthquakes and tsunamis with use of sensors. IBM said that it recently patented a technique that enables a system to accurately and precisely conduct post-event analysis of seismic events. Another source of significant environmental data could be apps that run on mobile phones.
Powered by analytics, adaptive traffic systems will gauge the behavior patterns of drivers and accordingly provide routing and safety information. IBM is developing new models that will predict the outcomes of varying transportation routes to provide information that goes well beyond traditional traffic reports. Thus it will employ predictive analytics to provide the best possible route to reach a destination.
Computer will meet energy needs of a city
IBM forecasts that energy consumed by data centers will be recycled to power a city. It reported: Up to 50 percent of the energy consumed by a modern data center goes toward air cooling. Most of the heat is then wasted because it is just dumped into the atmosphere. With new technologies, such as novel on-chip water-cooling. systems developed by IBM, the thermal energy from a cluster of computer processors can be efficiently recycled to provide hot water for an office or houses.