Uighur man
An ethnic Uighur man sits at his outdoor carpet stall near the Dong Kuruk Bridge mosque in the city of Urumqi in China's Xinjiang Autonomous Region, July 16, 2009, after bloody ethnic riots there. Reuters

An al Qaeda propaganda magazine has described the far western Chinese province of Xinjiang, home to the native Uighur Muslim population, as a region that needs to be “recovered [into] the shade of the Islamic Caliphate.” Jihadist organizations like al Qaeda and the Islamic State have been making a push to recruit members from the Muslim minority in China.

However, Uighur exile activists in the U.S. reject the idea that Xinjiang needs to be "reclaimed" into any caliphate, and appeals by radicals to Uighur Muslims. “The Uighur people will simply ignore such claims,” Alim Seytoff, president of the Uyghur American Association and director of the Uyghur Human Rights Project, said in an interview. (The groups use a variant spelling.) “These claims are mostly likely attempts by these groups to lure and recruit disillusioned young Uighurs to their cause. That is not going to happen because Uighurs do not share their ideology.”

The first issue of Resurgence, an English-language magazine produced by a media wing of al Qaeda, As-Sahab, includes an article about the Islamic community in East Turkistan, as they call the territory the Chinese call Xinjiang, titled “Did You Know? 10 Facts About East Turkistan.” As pointed out by the South China Morning Post of Hong Kong, the article features many inaccuracies about the area and China’s rule over it to further their belief that the Muslim religion and its followers are threatened by Han Chinese. For example, it claims that teaching the Quran is illegal in China, when in fact China recognizes Islam as one of the country’s five official religions. Though restrictions have been put on government officials practicing Islam, the country does not have a blanket ban on practicing the religion.

Al Qaeda Magazine
In an issue of Resurgence, an al-Qaeda produced, English-language magazine, the far wertern province of Xinjiang is claimed to be an area that needs to be "recovered" back into the Islamic Caliphate. Resurgence Magazine/ SCMP

Seytoff said the recruitment efforts of the Islamic State and other jihadist groups have unfairly painted Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang as prone to terrorist behavior. “China has been opportunistically taking advantage of the rise of ISIS and attempting to artificially create links between ISIS and the Uighurs in the world in order to mute international criticism of its systematic and egregious human rights violations of the Uighur people in East Turkistan,” he said.

Jihadist propaganda has “little impact,” in Xinjiang, he asserted. Still, “this has not prevented the Chinese government from demonizing the Uighurs as supporters and sympathizers of these groups in order to justify its heavy-handed repression of the Uighur people since 9/11.”

Alarm over possible involvement of Chinese Muslims in global jihad mounted after photos surfaced online of what appeared to be a Chinese citizen fighting for the Islamic State group. A Facebook page purportedly run by the Iraqi Ministry of Defense uploaded two photos of what it called a “Chinese daash,” a common Arabic acronym for “Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.”

While the identity of the supposed Chinese ISIS fighter was not confirmed and there is no proof that he is a Uighur, many Chinese expressed concern over the growing number of foreigners around the world claiming solidarity with the jihadist group.