The al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb, previously known as the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (Arabic: الجماعة السلفية للدعوة والقتال‎ (al-jamaa`atu l-salafiyyatu li l-da`wati wa l-qitaal); French: Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le CombatGSPC; also known as Group for Call and Combat) is anIslamist militia which aims to overthrow the Algerian government and institute an Islamic state. To that end, it is currently engaged in an insurgent campaign.

The group has declared its intention to attack Algerian, French, and American targets. It has been designated as a Foreign Terrorist Organization by the U.S. Department of State, and similarly classed as a terrorist organization by the European Union.