Oil tankers are seen parked at a yard outside a fuel depot on the outskirts of Kolkata February 3, 2015.
Oil tankers are seen parked at a yard outside a fuel depot on the outskirts of Kolkata February 3, 2015. Reuters / Rupak De Chowdhuri

India's fuel consumption jumped 23.8% in May from a year earlier, continuing a recovery from a relatively low base in 2021 when the world's third biggest oil consumer was in the grip of a second wave of COVID-19.

Consumption of fuel, a proxy for oil demand, totalled 18.27 million tonnes last month, according to data from the Indian oil ministry's Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell.

Last month's increase was the biggest year-on-year jump since April 2021. Consumption also rose modestly, by 0.4%, from April.

The yearly increase is "because of a lower base, as demand in May 2021 was low due to high COVID cases at that time," although the monthly rise was surprising, said Refinitiv analyst Ehsan Ul Haq.

"However, high oil prices are likely to have an impact on consumption in the next few months. High fuel prices do not bode well for motorists all over the world," he added.

Consumption of diesel rose 31.7% in May year-on-year to 7.29 million tonnes and was up about 32.6% from two years earlier.

Sales of gasoline, or petrol, were 51.5% higher than a year earlier at 3.02 million tonnes.

Meanwhile, daily gasoil sales of Indian state refiners declined in May from April as lower consumer spending curtailed truck movement in the country, preliminary fuel sales data showed on June 1.

India's gasoline sales have been rising since the country eased pandemic lockdowns, as people continued to prefer using personal vehicles over public transport for safety reasons and to avoid heatwaves.

India's retail inflation likely slipped modestly in May, according to a Reuters poll, but probably stayed well above the central bank's upper tolerance limit for a fifth consecutive month as surging food costs offset a drop in fuel prices due to cuts in fuel tax.

DOMESTIC SALES (in million tonnes):

2022 2022 2022 2021 2021 2021

May April March May April March

Diesel 7.29 7.20 7.70 5.53 6.68 7.23

Petrol 3.02 2.80 2.91 1.99 2.39 2.74

LPG 2.17 2.16 2.48 2.16 2.11 2.26

Naphtha 0.91 1.09 1.14 1.25 1.24 1.28

Jet fuel 0.60 0.55 0.54 0.27 0.41 0.47

Kerosene 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.14 0.11 0.16

Fuel Oil 0.54 0.52 0.59 0.42 0.51 0.51

Bitumen 0.70 0.76 0.94 0.66 0.83 1.01

TOTAL 18.27 18.20 19.83 14.76 16.60 18.63

NOTE: Total figures may not tally because not all items are included in the table, and numbers are rounded. The numbers for previous months may have been revised.