A new scientific study discussed the possible existence of wormholes and how they can be detected. For the study, the authors looked at a potential wormhole in the supermassive black hole sitting at the heart of the Milky Way galaxy.

The concept of wormholes has been widely used in many science fiction movies. From a scientific perspective, a wormhole is defined as a cosmic pathway that connects two different regions in space-time. This means that if a spacecraft goes through a wormhole, it could end up in a different place or time within the universe. It is also possible to visit a different universe through a wormhole.

Of course, the idea of wormholes currently belongs in science fiction novels and movies since their existence has not yet been proven. However, if wormholes are real, a team of scientists presented an effective way to detect them.

According to the scientists, if wormholes do exist, they would most likely be located near black holes since they require extreme gravitational conditions. For the study, the scientist considered the possibility of a wormhole existing near Sagittarius A, which is the supermassive black hole at Milky Way’s center.

The scientists noted that a wormhole can be spotted by looking out for unusual activities of stars. As explained by the scientists, stars near a wormhole would be heavily affected by the gravitational pull of the other stars that are on the opposite side of the cosmic pathway. These gravitation forces would cause noticeable deviations in the orbit of stars.

“If you have two stars, one on each side of the wormhole, the star on our side should feel the gravitational influence of the star that’s on the other side,” the study’s lead author Dr. Dejan Stojkovic said in a statement. The gravitational flux will go through the wormhole.”

“So if you map the expected orbit of a star around Sagittarius A*, you should see deviations from that orbit if there is a wormhole there with a star on the other side,” he added.

The findings of Stojkovic and his colleagues regarding the possible existence of black holes were presented in a new study published in the journal Physical Review D.

Supermassive black hole
This artist's concept illustrates a supermassive black hole with millions to billions times the mass of our sun. Supermassive black holes are enormously dense objects buried at the hearts of galaxies. NASA/JPL-Caltech