Oil pump jacks at Vaca Muerta in Argentina
Oil pump jacks are seen at the Vaca Muerta shale oil and gas deposit in the Patagonian province of Neuquen, Argentina, January 21, 2019. Reuters

Oil prices were little changed in choppy trading on Tuesday as investors weighed OPEC+ plans to cut more production against weak economic data from the United States and China that could suggest cooling oil demand.

Brent crude futures settled 1 cent higher at $84.94 a barrel, while U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures closed 29 cents, or 0.4%, higher at $80.71 a barrel.

"We will need to see demand hold and grow to push crude into the upper $80's," said Dennis Kissler, senior vice president of trading at BOK Financial.

Brent crude and WTI had jumped by more than 6% on Monday after the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and allies including Russia, collectively known as OPEC+, rocked markets with an announcement of voluntary production cuts of 1.66 million barrels per day (bpd) from May until the end of 2023.

The latest pledges bring the total volume of cuts by OPEC+ to 3.66 million bpd, including a 2 million-barrel cut last October, equal to about 3.7% of global demand.

The OPEC+ production curbs led many analysts to raise their Brent oil price forecasts to around $100 per barrel by year-end. Goldman Sachs lifted its forecast for Brent to $95 a barrel by the end of this year, and to $100 for 2024.

A slump in U.S. manufacturing activity in March to its lowest level in nearly three years, and weak manufacturing activity in China last month have raised concerns about oil demand.

Investors also worried about higher costs for businesses and consumers, raising fears an inflationary hit to the world economy from rising oil prices will result in more interest rate hikes.

Stock markets also declined after data suggested a cooling in the U.S. labor market.

Market-watchers have been trying to gauge how much longer the U.S. Federal Reserve may need to keep raising rates to cool inflation, and whether the U.S. economy may be headed for a recession.

Investors now see a chance of about 40% that the Federal Reserve will hike rates by a quarter basis point in May, with a roughly 60% chance of a pause.