Happy New Year 2012: Top 10 Tech News that Shook the World in 2011 [PHOTOS]

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  • Anonymous Hackers Demand 'Social Justice' with Operation Occupy Wall Street
    1. Year of the Hacktivist 2011 is undeniably the year of the hacktivist. Till 2010, hackers limited their attention and efforts to hack for personal gain but year 2011 changed everything. As the hackers collectives such as LulzSec and Anonymous emerged, the motive behind hacking became more of a social crusade and less of personal gain. And in strokes after strokes, Web sites of major companies such as Sony Pictures, News Corporation and Petrobas, and government agencies such as FBI and CIA and even the U.S. Senate, which were once considered off-limits to hackers, fell. The gaming industry was also not spared. PlayStation Network, Bethesda Game Studios and EVE Online were hacked impudently and taken down. Other companies/agencies/organizations that became victims of the hack attack were security firms HBGary Federal and Stratfor, Bank of America, BART (Bay Area Rapid Transit) and Muslim Brotherhood. And though, LulzSec quietened down in June/July (and probably disbanded), Anonymous refused to play dead and carried on to take on the might of nations such as Syria, Malaysia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Brazil and Australia. Indeed, thanks to LulzSec and Anonymous, the word hacktivism (hack + activism) was coined and year 2011 can be called the year of the hacktivist. IBTimes
  • Steve Jobs
    3. Steve Job's Death Steve Jobs, a creative genius and a visionary who had established the most valuable company in the world, Apple, passed away at the age of 56, on Oct. 5. People around the world paid rich tributes to him, including Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerburg, Barack Obama and other celebrities and admirers. It was not surprising, as Jobs had radically changed the way people use technology in their daily lives. REUTERS
  • Steve Jobs talks about the iCloud service at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference in San Francisco
    6. Year of the Apple: iOS 5, Mac OS X Lion and iCloud Launched After a long wait, Apple's iOS 5, Mac OS X Lion and iCloud were unveiled at WWDC (worldwide Developers Conference) 2011 on June 6. iOS 5, which is regarded as Apple's "major" and “incredible” release for developers and customers alike, has over 200 new features, including Improved Notifications System, News Stand, Improved Mobile Safari, Reminders, Camera, Mail, PC Free Function, iMessage and more. Mac OS X Lion, Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers, was a huge hit, notching a sales record of 1 million units on the first day of its release. It was the first time Apple sold Mac OS as a downloadable software. iCloud, Apple's cloud storage and cloud computing service which replaces MobileMe service, can help users to store data on remote computer servers for download to multiple devices including iOS-based devices, and personal computers running Mac OS X or Microsoft Windows. In other words, iCloud serves as a data syncing center for all kinds of data such as email, calendars, notes, contacts, bookmarks, to-do lists, and more. REUTERS
  • Signage for a T-Mobile store is pictured in downtown Los Angeles, California
    8. Acquisitions - Hits and Misses This year, the acquisitions among tech companies made headlines for one reason or the other. Microsoft bought Skype in May for $8.5 billion, which is the software giant's largest acquisition ever. In August, the Internet search engine giant Google acquired Motorola Mobility, the maker of smartphones and set-top boxes, for $40.00 per share in cash, or a total of about $12.5 billion. The news that PC giant HP bought European infrastructure software company Autonomy for $10.3 billion made a splash, but it wasn't enough to prevent CEO Leo Apotheker from getting ousted and replaced by Meg Whitman. Western Digital's $4.3 billion acquisition of Hitachi Global Storage Technologies and Texas Instruments' $6.5 billion acquisition of National Semiconductor are the two biggest OEM-oriented deals of 2011. The biggest non-starter of 2011 was AT&T's offer of a whopping $39 billion to buy T-Mobile. It hit regulatory roadblocks as rival wireless carriers cried foul. AT&T will take a $4 billion charge to pay T-Mobile a breakup fee. REUTERS
  • The Apple Logo
    10. Apple Versus Samsung Courtroom Battles The courtroom battles between Apple and Samsung around the world never seems to end. Early in April, Apple sued the Korean electronics giant in the U.S., claiming Samsung infringed its patent for list-scrolling software and three smartphone and tablet design patents. Subsequently, the patent war between the two companies expanded to Europe and Australia. Interestingly, despite the bitter rivalry between the two, Apple doesn't manufacture anything and depends upon the Korean company for supplying several components of its iPhones, iPads and MacBooks. REUTERS
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The time has come to wish year 2011 adieu and welcome year 2012. Year 2011 had been an eventful year and the tech industry kept itself busy with new product launches.

How can we describe Year 2011? Year 2011 could easily be called the 'Year of Apple'. It was the year when Apple overtook Exxon-Mobil to become the world's most valuable company (in terms of market capitalization), albeit for a short while. It was the year when Apple released new operating systems for its mobile devices (iOS) and its Mac line of computers (Mac OS X Lion). It was a year when Apple launched its newest iPhone - iPhone 4S - which shattered previous debut weekend iPhone sales records. It was also a year when tragedy struck the technology giant - Apple co-founder and former CEO Steve Jobs passed away, succumbing to pancreatic cancer. Indeed, year 2011 could be called a bitter-sweet year for Apple.

However, the technology industry is not just about Apple though Apple is a giant in the industry. Start the slideshow to check out the top 10 (technology-related) news that shook the world in 2011. And, before you start, here's wishing all Tech & Trend readers a Very Happy New Year.

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