People make their way at  Ameyoko shopping district in Tokyo, Japan, May 20, 2022.
People make their way at Ameyoko shopping district in Tokyo, Japan, May 20, 2022. Reuters / KIM KYUNG-HOON

Japan's core consumer inflation remained above the central bank's 2% target for a third straight month in June, as the economy faced pressure from high global raw material prices that have pushed up the cost of the country's imports.

The rise in consumer prices challenges the Bank of Japan's view that recent price hikes in the world's third-largest economy will remain somewhat temporary, even as households worry about higher living costs.

The nationwide core consumer price index (CPI), which excludes volatile fresh food costs but includes those of energy, rose 2.2% in June from a year earlier, government data showed.

The data, which matched a median market forecast, meant inflation stayed above the BOJ's 2% target for a third consecutive month. It followed rises of 2.1% in May and April.

Household budgets, especially among low-income earners, faced pressure from higher food prices that was likely to cool appetite for a post-pandemic spending splurge, said Takeshi Minami, chief economist at Norinchukin Research Institute.

"The rebound will be quite sluggish," Minami added. "The momentum should have been strong if nothing had happened, but the impact of price rises and a seventh COVID-19 wave is suppressing it considerably."

The core-core CPI, which strips away both volatile food and fuel costs, was up 1.0% in June from a year earlier, marking the sharpest rise since February 2016.

Rising fuel and food prices, blamed partly on Russia's invasion of Ukraine and a sharply weakening yen that is swelling import costs, are expected to keep Japan's core consumer inflation above the BOJ's target for most of this year, analysts say.

But that still leaves the overall pace of price increases in Japan well below much sharper rises in the United States and European economies, as sluggish wage growth and a slow recovery of consumption discourages Japanese firms from price hikes.

Inflation in the 19 countries sharing the euro currency has shot to all-time highs above 8%. British inflation last month was at its highest in 40 years.

The BOJ on Thursday raised its core consumer inflation forecast for the current fiscal year ending in March 2023 to 2.3% from 1.9%, but kept its ultra-low interest rates in place even as many of its global peers sharply tighten policy in an attempt to cool price pressures.